Polk, Leonidas, 1806-1864

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1806-04-10
Death 1864-06-14
English

Biographical notes:

Bishop in the Protestant Episcopal Church and Confederate general.

From the description of Letter to Mrs. Banger, n.y. October 11. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 68116515

Polk, an Episcopal bishop, served as a major general in the Confederate army until he was killed by a cannon shot at Pine Mountain, Georgia, June 14, 1864.

From the description of Letter, November 28, 1861. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 650825874

First bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in Louisiana, he operated Leighton Plantation near Thibodaux, Louisiana. He rose to the rank of lieutenant-general in the Confederate army during the Civil War. He led a corps of the Army of Tennessee under Gen. Braxton Bragg and commanded the Army of Mississippi and the Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana. He was killed in action at Pine Mountain, Georgia.

From the description of Leonidas Polk letter, 1863. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 244249054

Leonidas Polk (1806-1864) former Bishop of the Diocese of Louisiana was serving as a Confederate major-general at the time of this letter. Bishop Meade, a close friend, was Bishop of Diocese of Virginia.

From the description of Letter : Columbus, Kentucky, to the Reverend William Meade, Bishop of the Diocese of Virginia, 1861 September 26. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122539142

Bishop of the Missionary Jurisdiction of Arkansas and the Indian Territory (1838-1841) and the Diocese of Louisiana (1841-1864), and Confederate general.

From the description of Leonidas Polk papers, 1838-1865. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 663449329

Confederate general; Episcopal priest.

From the description of Civil War letter of Gen. Leonidas Polk, 1863 June 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79462089

Graduated from West Point in 1827; ordained as an Episcopal priest in 1831; appointed missionary bishop of the Southwest, 1838; in 1841 appointed bishop of Louisiana; helped found the University of the South, 1856-1860; commissioned into the Confederate Army in 1861 and was made lieutenant-general in 1862.

From the description of Leonidas Polk family papers, 1825-1939 (inclusive). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702166934

Leonidas Polk, Episcopal bishop and Confederate lieutenant-general, was the grandson of Thomas Polk, who fought in the American Revolution, and the son of William Polk (1758-1834), colonel during the Revolution, member of the North Carolina General Assembly, North Carolina Supervisor of Internal Revenue, University of North Carolina trustee, bank director, and surveyor and owner of lands in Tennessee. Leonidas Polk was related to the Gale, Hawkins, and Yeatman families. Among his children was medical doctor William Mecklenburg Polk, who wrote Leonidas Polk, Bishop and General.

From the guide to the Leonidas Polk Papers, 1767-1935, (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.)

First bishop of the Protestant Episcopal Church in Louisiana, Leonidas Polk operated Leighton Plantation near Thibodaux, La. He rose to the rank of lieutenant general in the Confederate army during the Civil War. He led a corps of the Army of Tennessee under Gen. Braxton Bragg and commanded the Army of Mississippi and the Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana. Polk was killed in action at Pine Mountain, Ga.

From the description of Leonidas Polk papers, 1838-1894. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 302362759

Episcopal clergyman and Confederate army officer.

From the description of Papers of Leonidas Polk, 1856-1868 (bulk 1861-1863). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71066421

Protestant Episcopal Bishop of Louisiana, and Confederate Army officer.

From the description of Papers, 1828-1871. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 20071425

Graduated from West Point in 1827; ordained as an Episcopal priest in 1831; appointed missionary bishop of the Southwest, 1838; in 1841 appointed bishop of Louisiana; helped found the University of the South, 1856-1860; commissioned into the Confederate Army in 1861 and was made lieutenant-general in 1862.

FRANK LYON POLK, B.A. 1894. Born September 13, 1871, in New York City; died February 7, 1943, in New York City. Father, William Mecklenburg Polk, LL.D. (M.D. Columbia 1869), a physician and surgeon in New York City; professor of obstetrics and gynecology and dean Cornell Medical College; served in Confederate Army in Civil War; son of Right Rev. Leonidas Polk, D.D., LL.D. (grad. U.S. Military Academy 1827), and Frances Ann (Devereaux) Polk of Tennessee and Louisiana. Mother, Ida Ashe (Lyon) Polk; daughter of Francis Strother and Sarah Serena (Glover) Lyon of Demopolis, Ala. Yale relatives include a brother, John M. Polk, '96 S.

Groton (Mass.) School. Freshman Football Team and Freshman Crew; Class crew three years; substitute University Football Team Freshman year; Class cup committee; member University Club, Hé Boulé, Psi Upsilon, and Scroll and Key.

Attended Columbia University School of Law 1894-1897 (LL.B. 1897); admitted to the bar 1897; lawyer in New York City 1897-1943; clerk Evarts [William M., B.A. 1837], Choate [Joseph H., LL.D. 1901] & Beaman 1897-1900; partner Watriss & Polk (later Alexander, Watriss & Polk) 1900-1914 and Stetson, Jennings & Russell (successively Stetson, Jennings, Russell & Davis [John W., LL.D. 1921], Davis, Polk, Wardwell [Allen, '95], Gardiner & Reed [Lansing P., '04]) 1914-1943; member Board of Education, New York City, 1906-1907, and Municipal Civil Service Commission 1907-1909 (president 1908-1909); treasurer Bureau of Municipal Research 1911-1913; Collector of Port of New York 1913-1914; corporation counsel City of New York 1914-1915; counsel Department of State of the United States 1915-1919 and Under Secretary of State 1919-1920; Acting Secretary of State December 4, 1918-July 18, 1919; appointed Commissioner Plenipotentiary to Negotiate Peace July 17, 1919, and chairman American delegation to Peace Conference July-December, 1919; served with Troop A, New York Volunteer Cavalry, April, 1898; appointed Captain and assistant on Quartermaster Staff of General Ernst's Brigade, June 19, 1898; stationed at Chickamauga, Ga., Charleston, S.C., and in Puerto Rico; honorably discharged November 30, 1899; vice-president Kips Bay Neighborhood Association 1913-1914 (president 1915), Pan-American Society 1931-1935 (honorary president 1936-1943), and Church Pension Fund of Protestant Episcopal Church 1933-1943; elected vice-president British War Relief Society January, 1943; chairman American Friends of Yugoslavia, Inc., 1941-1943; national director Paderewski Fund for Polish Relief, Inc.; trustee New York Orthopedic Hospital 1905-1923 (vice-president 1924-1943), United Hospital Fund 1910-1916, New York Public Library 1921-1943 (secretary of board 1923-1932, second vice-president 1928-1932, president 1932-1943), United States Trust Company 1923-1943, Bowery Savings Bank 1928-1943, Woodrow Wilson Foundation 1929-1934 and 1937-1942 (president 1937 and 1938, vice-president 1931, 1932, 1933. 1941), Cathedral of St. John the Divine 1929-1943, Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York 1930-1943, and Metropolitan Museum of Art 1931-1937; M.A. Hon. Yale 1918; D.C.L. University of the South 1928; LL.D. Rollins College 1930 and New York University 1935; created grand officer Order of Leopold (Belgium) 1920 and Légion d'Honneur (France) 1926; awarded Grand Cross of Order of the Crown of Roumania, and Order of Polonia Restituta (1st class); received Heraldic Order of Cristóbal Colón (Dominican government) 1940; chairman Atlantic division Yale Endowment Fund Campaign 1926; on advisory committee Human Welfare Group; member council Yale-in-China 1927-1931; president Kingsley Trust Association 1926-1928; governor Yale Publishing Association; councilor American Geographical Society; on board of governors New York Hospital 1923-1943; member Bar Association of the City of New York, New York County, New York State, and American Bar associations, National Civic Federation, National Municipal League (president 1924-1927, honorary vice-president 1929-1941), The Pilgrims, Sons of the Revolution, Society of the Cincinnati, Southern Society of New York, Tennessee Society, and Church of the Heavenly Rest (Episcopal), New York City.

Married January 27, 1908, in Philadelphia, Elizabeth Sturgis, daughter of James and Elizabeth (Sturgis) Potter. Children: John Metcalf, '3r; Elizabeth Sturgis, the wife of Raymond R. Guest, '31; Frank Lyon, Jr., '34; James Potter, ex-'38; and Alice Potter, the wife of Winthrop Rutherford, Jr. (B.A. Princeton 1928)

Death due to coronary occlusion. Buried in Woodlawn Cemetery, New York City. Survived by wife, children, and eight grandchildren.

From Yale University Obituary Record.

* * * * *

JOHN METCALFE POLK (1875-1904), younger son of William Mecklenburg Polk, M.D., LL.D., Dean of Cornell University Medical College, and Ida (Lyon) Polk, and grandson of the Rt. Rev. Leonidas Polk, D.D., LL.D., first Bishop of Louisiana, and one of the founders of the University of the South, was born at Demopolis, Ala., on May 6, 1875. While in the Sheffield Scientific School he was Vice-President of the University Club, and a member of the Class Committee at graduation.

After graduation he took a course in the Cornell University. Medical School, in New York City, receiving the degree of M.D. in 1899. He then entered Bellevue Hospital as interne on the Medical Side and served two years. He spent 1902 mainly in Vienna, studying pathology and medical diagnosis. In January, 1903, he entered upon his duties as Instructor in Medicine and Physical Diagnosis in Cornell Medical College. In this connection, he was appointed Adjunct Assistant Visiting Physician to Bellevue Hospital.

While studying in Europe, Dr. Polk became specially interested in the blood changes produced by infectious diseases, particularly influenza, and the pneumonias associated with influenza. Continuing his studies in this direction, he had succeeded, at the time of his death, in making observations of much value, his paper upon the subject being included in the original articles published annually by the Pathological Department of the Medical School. He had already shown himself to be an instructor of great efficiency.

While making an autopsy he became chilled, acute pneumonia developed in a few hours, and from this he died, on March 29, 1904, in the 29th year of his age.

From Yale University Obituary Record.

From the guide to the Leonidas Polk family papers, 1825-1939, (Manuscripts and Archives)

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Permalink:
http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6805cjx
Ark ID:
w6805cjx
SNAC ID:
5780057

Subjects:

  • Belmont, Battle of, Belmont, Mo., 1861
  • Chickamauga, Battle of, Ga., 1863
  • General
  • Families
  • Bishop
  • Sermons
  • Missions

Occupations:

  • Soldiers--Confederate States of America
  • Army officers, Confederate
  • Generals--Confederate States of America
  • Clergy
  • Soldiers
  • Plantation owners--Louisiana--Lafourche Parish

Places:

  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Confederate States of America (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Confederate States of America (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Louisiana--Lafourche Parish (as recorded)
  • Confederate States of America (as recorded)
  • Kentucky (as recorded)
  • Kentucky (as recorded)
  • Missouri (as recorded)
  • Tennessee (as recorded)
  • Kentucky (as recorded)
  • Confederate States of America (as recorded)
  • Mississippi River Valley (as recorded)
  • Southwest, Old (as recorded)
  • Confederate States of America (as recorded)
  • Texas (as recorded)
  • Virginia (as recorded)
  • Louisiana (as recorded)
  • Confederate States of America (as recorded)