Ross, George, 1730-1779

Alternative names
Birth 1730-05-10
Death 1779-07-14

Biographical notes:

George Ross (1730-1779) was a lawyer, a member of the Pennsylvania Provincial Assembly, vice-president of the Pennsylvania Constitutional Convention, a member of the First and Second Continental Congresses and a signer of the Declaration of Independence. Ross was born in New Castle, Delaware, the son of the Anglican rector of Immanuel Church Rev. George Ross and his wife Catherine Van Gezel. He received a sound private classical education at home. He read the Law in his brother John’s law firm and was admitted to the bar in Philadelphia at the age of twenty. Afterward, he moved to Lancaster, Pennsylvania to set up a law practice in 1751. Also, in 1751 he married Ann Lawler, with whom he had three children. He served as the king’s prosecutor from 1756-1768, and as an assemblyman in the Pennsylvania Provincial Assembly from 1768-1775. Although originally a moderate in the controversy engendered by the new colonial trade regulations and taxes after the French and Indian War, the events of the Boston Tea Party and passage of the Coercive Acts pushed Ross into the Whig camp of those seeking American independence from Great Britain. Ross was elected to the Pennsylvania Provincial Conference on July 15, 1774 and then to the First Continental Congress. In addition to his congressional service, he was appointed to the Pennsylvania Committee of Public Safety, as well as the Lancaster County Committee of Observation. As vice-president of the Pennsylvania Constitutional Convention of 1776, Ross helped to draft the Pennsylvania Declaration of Rights, but ended up opposing the Pennsylvania constitution of 1776, which he considered too radical. Another major source of conflict for Ross was the Pennsylvania Test Acts, from which he and other Republicans recoiled. As part of the Continental Congress, Ross participated in the debates on July 2-4, 1776 to amend Thomas Jefferson’s draft of the Declaration of Independence. Elected to the Second Continental Congress, Ross signed the Declaration of Independence on August 2, 1776. Ross was appointed judge of the Admiralty Court of Pennsylvania in March 1779, and presided over the important case of Olmsted et al. v. Rittenhouse’s Executors, which raised serious questions regarding the prerogatives of a state government and its courts in conflict with federal authorities. Ross died of gout in Lancaster, Pennsylvania in 1779.

From the guide to the Will of George Ross, July 10, 1779, (American Philosophical Society)

Ross was a Signer of the Declaration of Independence and a Continental Congressman from Pennsylvania.

From the description of ALS, 1746. : Extract from deed. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 13880688

From the description of ALS, 1766 May 10 : to Sir John St. Clair, Deputy Q. Master General, New York. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 13881052

1779 03 25.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : to his son George, 1779 Mar. 25. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270657682

At this time, George Ross was the Crown Prosecutor (attorney general) for Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Edward Shippen was a member of Philadelphia's common council.

From the description of Letter to Edward Shippen, 1756 March 12. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155866494

George Ross was a Pennsylvania jurist who practiced at Lancaster. He served on the first and second Continental Congresses, was vice-president of the Pennsylvania Constitutional Committee of 1776, and a signer of the Declaration of Independence. He served in Congress and was a judge of the Admiralty Court of Pennsylvania.

From the description of George Ross receipt fragment, 1760 May 31. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 70122991


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