Cruikshank, George, 1792-1878

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1792-09-27
Death 1878-02-01
Britons
English

Biographical notes:

George Cruikshank was a British artist, social and political caricaturist, and illustrator.

From the description of George Cruikshand papers, 1827-1897 [manuscript]. (Oceanside Free Library). WorldCat record id: 26507077

English artist, illustrator and satirist.

From the description of Album of George Cruikshank Color Prints, 1835. (Boston College). WorldCat record id: 48116918

English artist and caricaturist.

From the description of ALS : to Dr. Roberts, 1841[?] Feb. 12. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122633710

From the description of ALS : London, to Pulford, [18]48 June 17. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 86138997

From the description of ALS : to William Tegg, 1855 Nov. 21. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122380653

From the description of Receipt, 1859 July 26. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122316952

From the description of ALS : Margate, to William Stoney[?], Ulverstone, 1862 Oct. 7[?]. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 86165803

From the description of ALS : to Messrs. Yates, [18]73 Nov. 28. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122466347

English caricaturist, illustrator, and etcher.

From the description of Original drawings : sketches and plans for important works, 1853-1870. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 367387220

George Cruikshank was a British artist, specializing in caricature. His early career featured caricatures and illustrations on political themes, including a successful series of pamphlets created with William Hone. In his later years, he concentrated on theatrical caricatures and illustrations for literary works, including notable collaborations with Charles Dickens.

From the description of My remarks on former travels, sequel to the travels and adventures of Baron Munchausen, ca. 1810. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 53148149

From the description of George Cruikshank letter to Francis Fuller, 1870 July 2. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 53865840

English artist.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : place not specified, to an unidentified recipient "Tuesday". (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 747616917

Cruikshank was an English artist and caricaturist.

From the description of Papers concerning The recollections, 1876 and undated. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 81511210

From the description of Contracts and documents, 1823-1865. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 84042719

From the description of Drawings and proofs of illustrations : for three fairy tales, 1853-1864. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 122564112

From the guide to the George Cruikshank papers concerning, The recollections, 1876 and undated., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

From the guide to the Contracts and documents, 1823-1865., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

George Cruikshank (1792-1878) was an English artist, caricaturist and illustrator. In 1811 Cruikshank gained fame with a series of political caricatures he created for the periodical The scourge, a monthly expositor of imposture and folly. Cruikshank published political cartoons until 1825 and began illustrating books in 1820. He is thought to have illustrated over 850 books for adults and children, including works by Dickens, Ainsworth, Thackeray, and the Grimm brothers. He also published books on his own, most notably The comic almanack (1835-1853). In 1847 he became interested in the temperance movement, an interest that is apparent in much of his later artistic work.

From the description of Letters to George Cruikshank, 1847-post-1878. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 122540474

George Cruikshank was an English cartoonist.

From the description of George Cruikshank fonds. [1844]. (University of Victoria Libraries). WorldCat record id: 667848417

Engraver and caricaturist.

From the description of Bookplate design by George Cruikshank [manuscript], 1871. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647898952

Cruikshank was an English caricaturist, illustrator, and etcher.

From the guide to the Drawings and proofs of illustrations for three fairy tales, 1853-1864., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

Cruikshank was an English caricaturist.

From the description of Drawings, 1841 and undated. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 81003830

From the guide to the George Cruikshank drawings, 1841 and undated., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

British graphic artist.

From the description of E. P. Bulwer Lytton : autograph notes signed : place not specified, undated. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 757379659

From the description of Autograph envelope : place not specified, to William Harrison Ainsworth, [1843 Feb. 22]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 757394321

George Cruikshank, son of caricaturist Isaac Cruikshank, was born in London, England in 1792 and died there in 1878. He began his career as a social/political caricaturist in 1811. Between 1819 and 1821, Cruikshank produced a series of colored etchings followed by a collection of comic stories in four volumes. He was considered the foremost illustrator of such classics as Grimms' Fairy Tales, Scott's novels and Dicken's Oliver Twist. In 66 years of work, Cruikshank illustrated more than 200 books. His work, wrote one reviewer of a biography of Cruikshank, "recorded, commented on, and satirized his times to such an extent that they have frequently been used to represent the age."

From the description of George Cruikshank collection, 1833-1872 (James Branch Cabell Library). WorldCat record id: 702670199

From the guide to the George Cruikshank Collection, 1833-1872, (Special Collections and Archives, James Branch Cabell Library, Virginia Commonwealth University)

English printmaker, painter, cartoonist and illustrator, born into a family of printmakers. First known as a devastating political caricaturist, Cruikshank also worked prolifically as a book illustrator for texts by Charles Dickens and many other authors. At age 55 Cruikshank became active in the temperance movement; his later work strongly reflects these convictions.

From the description of Correspondence, 1842-1876. (Getty Research Institute). WorldCat record id: 79154168

Born in London in 1792, George Cruikshank was best known for his illustrations for Charles Dickens' Oliver Twist.

From the description of George Cruikshank papers, 1798-1878 [manuscript]. (University of Southern Mississippi, Regional Campus). WorldCat record id: 710838254

George Cruikshank was a noted caricaturist and illustrator. He was born in London in 1792 and died there in 1878. He had little schooling and no formal art training, but learned his craft in his father's studio. He contributed illustrations to more than 200 books in association with many of the leading authors of his time, including Dickens, Fielding, and the Grimm Brothers.Biographical source: Something About the Author, Volume 22, p. 73-84.

From the description of George Cruikshank Papers 1870, undated. (University of Minnesota, Minneapolis). WorldCat record id: 429024011

Epithet: of Add MS 32869

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001094.0x00004f

British artist and caricaturist.

From the description of Draft of a note concerning the celebration of the silver wedding anniversary of Mr. & Mrs. Cruikshank, 1875. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 228721132

English illustrator.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to an unidentified recipient, 1831 [Apr.] 26. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270863681

George Cruikshank, English artist and caricaturist, published in periodicals including 'The Scourge' and 'The Meteor'; illustrated, among others, Grimm's 'German Popular Stories', Dickens's 'Sketches by Boz' and 'Oliver Twist', and novels by Ainsworth and Thackeray; issued 'The Comic Almanack', one of the predecessors of 'Punch', from 1835 for several years.

From the description of George Cruikshank collection, 1782-1894 (bulk 1825-1878). (Princeton University Library). WorldCat record id: 175684256

George Cruikshank, English artist, caricaturist, and illustrator.

From the description of George Cruikshank manuscript material : 6 items, 1841-1855 (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 154705810

From the guide to the George Cruikshank manuscript material : 8 items, 1820-1855, (The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.)

English caricaturist and illustrator.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [London], to Thomas Beggs, Esq., 1856 Apr. 16. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270522305

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [London], to Smedley, Esq., 1848 Aug. 17. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270522331

From the description of Autograph letter signed : postmarked London, to P. Egan, 1831 Aug. 31. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270527180

From the description of Autograph signature, and signed portrait engraving : [n.p.], 1841 Dec. 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270534516

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Amwell, to Charles Dickens, 1841 Aug. 4. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270514829

From the description of The Smut Bay & the Devil to Pay ; or, Harlequin & Pandora : autograph description of the above burlesque pantomime : [n.p., n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270539047

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [London], to "Dear Banks", 1860 Dec. 3. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270522283

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [London], to Mrs. Blewitt, 1872 Oct. 26. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270522324

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to W. Hall, Esq., 1842 Jan. 4. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270523670

From the description of Letter signed : [n.p.], to the "Editor of the Graphic", 1872 Jan. 10. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270537856

From the description of Autograph letters signed (7) : London, etc., to Captain Chambers, 1866 Aug. 29-1867 Dec. 3. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270533603

From the description of Autograph signature, 1866 Mar. 7. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270534455

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to Mr. Bogue, 1852 Jun. 23. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270523659

From the description of Autograph letters signed (4) : London, to Captain Norman, 1866 Oct. 11-1867 Mar. 16. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270533299

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [London], to Mr. Tweedie, 1855 Jul. 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270522339

British artist.

From the description of Autograph notes signed : place not specified, [18--]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 761733622

George Cruikshank, born in London on September 27, 1792 to a Scottish painter, Isaac Cruikshank, and his wife, was an English humorist and illustrator. Briefly educated at Edgeware, he is considered by some to be one of the best humorists that Britain ever produced. Cruikshank began his career as a political satirist but moved on to become a book illustrator. He also had a late interest in oil painting, enrolling in the Academy Schools as a student at the age of sixty-four. In his lifetime he created nearly 10,000 prints, illustrations, and plates. His early drawings often featured attacks on Britain’s royal family. In the 1820s his preoccupation with political caricature waned, however, as he became more interested in theatrical caricatures and book illustrations. Cruikshank produced some of his best-known work for Charles Dickens, beginning with Sketches by Boz, (1836) and reaching an apex with Oliver Twist, Oliver Twist, (1838). Grimm’s Fairy Tales, Pilgrim’s Progress, Paradise Lost, and seven novels by William Harrison Ainsworth were among other works he illustrated.

Cruikshank married Mary Ann Walker (1807-1849) on October 16, 1827. Two years after her death, on March 7, 1851, he married Eliza Widdison. Later in his life, Cruikshank supported the temperance movement, creating prints illustrating the evils of alcohol. Collections of his works are in the British and the Victoria and Albert museums. George Cruikshank died February 1, 1878.

From the guide to the George Cruikshank letters MS 297., 1845, 1868, (Woodson Research Center, )

Biography

George Cruikshank (1792-1878), artist and caricaturist, best known perhaps for his illustrations of 19th century novels.

From the guide to the George Cruikshank Papers, 1847-1878, (The Huntington Library)

Historical Background

George Cruikshank, born in 1792, was a British caricaturist and a book illustrator in the 19th century. He was known for his etchings that portrayed the royal family and leading politicians. He also illustrated books, including some of Charles Dickens' works. Cruikshank was a renowned caricaturist and was one of England's most popular satirists. He died in 1878.

From the guide to the George Cruikshank etchings, 1822-1826, (Special Collections and Archives, University of California, Irvine Libraries)

George Cruikshank was a British caricaturist, illustrator and engraver.

George Cruikshank was born in Bloomsbury, England in 1792. Cruikshank was taught art by his father, Isaac Cruikshank who was a caricaturist.

Cruikshank was influenced by English political cartoonist, James Gillray and Cruikshank finished several of Gillray’s pieces that were left unfinished at the time of his death in 1815. Several years later in 1820, Cruikshank received attention for his caricatures of Queen Caroline’s trial. Cruikshank regularly criticized what he saw as problems of contemporary society including the slave trade, the criminal code as well as French fashion and the French lifestyle in the work, Life in Paris (printed for John. Fairburn, 1822).

Cruikshank contributed to magazines such as Bentley's Miscellany and Ainsworth's Magazine and founded Wits . He also illustrated several books including Charles Dickens’ Oliver Twist (1838). In the 1840s, Cruikshank became active with the Temperance movement and illustrated materials promoting this campaign.

George Cruikshank died in 1878.

From the guide to the George Cruikshank Collection, 1819-1866, (Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries)

George Cruikshank was born on 27 September 1792 in London. His father, Isaac Cruikshank, was one of the leading caricaturists of the late 1790s and George started his career as his father's apprentice and assistant. Isaac Robert Cruikshank, George's older brother, also followed in the family business as a caricaturist and illustrator. George's early work was caricature; but in 1823, at the age of 31, Cruikshank started to focus on book illustration. His first major work was Pierce Egan's Life in London (1821), and he also illustrated Charles Dicken's Oliver Twist (1846). He achieved early success collaborating with William Hone in his political satire The Political House That Jack Built (1819).

In the late 1840s, Cruikshank's focus shifted from book illustration to his obsession with temperance and anti-smoking. He supported, lectured to, and supplied illustrations for the National Temperance Society and the Total Abstinence Society among others. Works such as The Bottle (1847) and The Drunkard's Children (1848) are examples of his efforts to encourage temperance. Cruikshank was made vice president of the National Temperance League in 1856.

Cruikshank developed palsy in later life and his work declined in quality. He died on 1 February 1878 and was buried in St. Paul's Cathedral. Sir Benjamin Ward Richardson (1828-1896), physician and crusader for preventative medicine, served as executor for the Cruikshank estate.

From the guide to the George Cruikshank Papers, 1827-1897, (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Rare Book Literary and Historical Papers)

George Cruikshank was a noted caricaturist and illustrator. He was born in London in 1792 and died there in 1878. He had little schooling and no formal art training, but learned his craft in his father's studio. He contributed illustrations to more than 200 books in association with many of the leading authors of his time, including Dickens, Fielding, and the Grimm Brothers.

Biographical source: Something About the Author, Volume 22, p. 73-84.

From the guide to the George Cruikshank Papers, 1870, undated, (University of Minnesota Libraries Children's Literature Research Collections [clrc])

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Subjects:

  • Manuscripts--English
  • Temperance--History--19th century
  • Cartoonists--Great Britain
  • Cartoonists--19th century
  • Art--Illustrators
  • Seafaring life in art
  • Illustrators--Correspondence
  • Wood-engravers--19th century--Correspondence
  • Animals in art
  • Caricatures and cartoons--19th century
  • Pencil drawing
  • Temperance--Societies, etc.--19th century
  • Color prints, English
  • Caricatures and cartoons--Great Britain
  • Cartoonists--Correspondence
  • Illustration of books
  • Painting, English--19th century
  • Engraving--Specimens
  • English literature--19th century
  • Copper Plate
  • Fairy tales
  • Artists--19th century--Correspondence
  • Mountains in art
  • Temperance--England--History--19th century
  • License agreements
  • Artists--History--19th century
  • Signatures (Writing)--Specimens
  • Cartoonists--Archives
  • Engravers--19th century
  • Drawing, English 19th century
  • Graphic arts, English--19th century
  • Illustrators--Archives
  • Wood-engraving, English--19th century
  • Temperance
  • Art--Cartoonists
  • Illustrators--Great Britain
  • Publishers--19th century
  • Artists, English
  • Falstaff, John, Sir (Fictitious character)
  • Illustration of books--19th century
  • Cartoonists--History--Sources
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  • Theater--Production and direction
  • Etchers--Great Britain
  • Falstaff, John, Sir (Fictitious character)--Manuscripts
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  • Austerlitz, Battle of, Czech Republic, 1805
  • Satire, English
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  • Illustrators
  • Artists' prepatory studies--Specimens
  • Drawings
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  • Illustrators--History--Sources
  • Artists--England--History--19th century

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