Crook, George, 1829-1890

Alternative names
Birth 1829-09-23
Death 1890-03-21

Biographical notes:

George Crook was an Army officer during the late 1800s who was best known for his Indian fighting in the Pacific Northwest and Southwest.

From the guide to the George Crook papers, 1863-1890, (Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries)

George Crook was an Army officer, best known for his Indian fighting in the Pacific Northwest and Southwest.

From the description of George Crook papers, 1863-1890. (University of Oregon Libraries). WorldCat record id: 54518323

Officer in the volunteer service and regular army from Dayton, Ohio, who served in the Civil War and Indian Wars in the American West.

From the description of Letter from Camp Warner, 1866 Aug. 20. (Ohio Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 43404236

U.S. Army General, participated in Indian campaigns before and after the Civil War. From 1871 to 1875, he administered the military effort to force the Apaches onto reservations in Arizona. From 1882 to 1886, he led expeditions to bring Geronimo's band onto the San Carlos Reservation.

From the description of Crook collection, 1867-1890. (Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division). WorldCat record id: 40047379

Major general, U.S. Army; served during Civil War and in Arizona and New Mexico, where in addition to defending settlers, defending Apaches from illegal squatters and miners; known as America's most successful Indian fighter, but also known for his fair and honest dealings with the Indians.

From the description of Papers, 1871-1890. (Rutherford B Hayes Presidential Center). WorldCat record id: 49797564

American army general who fought in the American Civil War and participated in the campaigns against the Indians in the Amercian West.

From the description of Letters, 1876. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122536612

George Crook collected reel-to-reel tapes of jazz, including many recordings were never released commercially. There are also a large number of recordings from BBC radio. Of particular note are 400 tapes containing some 1200 unreleased Duke Ellington performances.

From the guide to the George Crook Collection 'Ellington Tapes', 1929-1987, (Leeds College of Music)


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Ark ID:


  • Indians of North America--Crimes against
  • Pacific Coast Indians, Wars with, 1847-1865
  • Native Americans
  • Military passes--United States--19th century
  • Red Cloud's War, 1866-1867
  • General
  • Generals--Correspondence
  • Jazz
  • Dakota Indians--Wars, 1876--Sources
  • Indians of North America--Government relations
  • Indians of North America--Women--History--19th century
  • Government and Politics
  • Apache Indians--Wars, 1883-1886
  • Indians of North America--Government relations--1869-1934
  • Military
  • Indians of North America--Wars, 1866-1865
  • Generals--United States
  • Dakota Indians--Wars, 1876
  • Safe-conducts--United States--19th century
  • Indians of North America
  • Indians of North America--Wars--1866-1895
  • Indians of North America--Wars--1866-1895--Sources
  • Apache Indians
  • Generals--Biography


  • Generals--United States
  • Soldiers--United States


  • Purchased from the Frank T. Siebert Library of the North American Indian and the American Frontier, Part II, auctioned at Sotheby's, New York, October 28, 1999 (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Northwest, Pacific (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • New Mexico (as recorded)
  • Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Arizona (as recorded)
  • Fort Laramie (Wyo.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Fort Robinson (Neb.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)