Henderson, Alice Corbin, 1881-1949

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1881-04-16
Death 1949-07-18
US
English

Biographical notes:

American poet, editor, and writer on Southwestern topics.

From the description of Papers, 1861-1987 (bulk 1920-1949). (Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center (HRC); University of Texas at Austin). WorldCat record id: 122349020

Note: The initials ACH for Alice R. Corbin Henderson, WPH for her husband, William Penhallow Henderson, and AHR for her daughter, Alice Oliver Henderson Evans Rossin Colquitt are used throughout this inventory. AHR identified herself in her correspondence as Alice Henderson Rossin from 1938 until the late 1980s, which is why the initials AHR are used.

Alice Corbin was born to Lula Hebe Carradine and Fillmore Mallory Corbin in St. Louis, Missouri, on April 16, 1881. After the death of her mother in 1884, ACH was sent to Chicago to live with her father's cousin, Alice Mallory Richardson. When Fillmore Corbin remarried in 1891, Alice joined the family in Kansas, staying until 1894 when she returned to Chicago. After high school graduation, Harriet C. Brainard (who later married William Vaughn Moody), ACH's English teacher, persuaded her to attend the University of Chicago. In 1898 ACH published her first book of poetry, The Linnet Songs. ACH lived with Miss Brainard for three years until her health forced her to move to a milder climate. The inflammation in her chest subsided and after a year at Sophie Newcomb College in New Orleans, ACH returned to Chicago. Writing reviews for the Chicago Tribune and Evening Post provided the income for ACH to rent a studio at the Academy of Fine Arts in 1904, where she met William Penhallow Henderson.

WPH had accepted a teaching position at the Academy after spending two years abroad studying European art on a scholarship. On October 14, 1905, WPH and ACH were married. Daughter Alice was born on January 27, 1907, and was their only child. During this time, ACH worked on plays for children with plots based on Biblical stories and published Adam's Dream in 1908. That same year Andersen's Best Fairy Tales was also published. This joint effort of ACH's translations and WPH's illustrations provided the necessary income for the family to travel in Europe from July 1910 until September 1911.

A second volume of poetry, The Spinning Woman of the Sky was published in 1912. In that same year ACH became assistant editor to Poetry: A Magazine of Verse, with Harriet Monroe, founder and editor-in-chief. In 1916, ACH was diagnosed as having tuberculosis, causing her to leave Chicago permanently. The Sunmount Sanatorium in Santa Fe, New Mexico, was recommended by her doctor as an excellent facility. In 1917, ACH and Monroe published the anthology The New Poetry with new editions published in 1923 and 1932. She continued working on the magazine Poetry long distance until 1922.

The Hendersons moved to Santa Fe, NM, for ACH to recuperate and found the area optimal for both her health and their work. Dedication to New Mexico and the concerns of the region became a life-long passion of the Henderson family. In the early 1920s they became active in the civil rights of Native Americans. This was not just a political interest, for one can see the effects of their involvement with New Mexico in their work. Red Earth, Poems of New Mexico was published in 1920 and is an example of how New Mexico affected ACH. The Turquoise Trail, An Anthology of New Mexico Poetry, was published in 1928.

William and Alice Henderson were both very involved with the perpetuation of local New Mexican traditions and customs. WPH's style of architecture, the content in his drawings, and other projects illustrate his interpretations of New Mexico. ACH demonstrated her affections for the area through her writings, by creating the Poet's Round-up, establishing the Writer's Edition (which published her The Sun Turns West in 1933 and A Child's Bouquet in 1935), and in her involvement with the Works Progress Administration Federal Writers Project, New Mexico: a Guide to the Colorful State (1940). In the late 1930s, the Hendersons and Mary C. Wheelwright established the House of Navajo Religion, a museum of Indian culture and spirituality. WPH helped design the building and the sand painting panels inside, and ACH was the curator when it was completed. Another Henderson project was the formation of the Eugene Manlove Rhodes Memorial Association and the erection of a monument to this Southwestern writer on his grave site in New Mexico. The Hendersons joined efforts again in 1937 with WPH illustrating ACH's Brothers of Light, her last published book.

WPH gained exposure as an architect and furniture designer and builder through the business he developed with his first son-in-law, John Evans. Alice Oliver Henderson married John Evans, Mabel Dodge Luhan's only son, in December of 1922. Even though the marriage was short-lived, it established a life-long relationship between Luhan and the Hendersons. John and Alice Evans lived in Santa Fe where their first two daughters were born, Natalie on January 8, 1924, and Nancy on February 23, 1925. John Evans, Edwin Brooks, and WPH began the Pueblo-Spanish Building Company in 1925, and that fall the Evans family moved to Buffalo, NY, John Evans's family home. The Evans's third daughter, Letitia, was born on November 6, 1926.

The Pueblo-Spanish Building Company was a growing concern with WPH designing furniture and buildings until the stock market crash of 1929. The Crash of 1929 severely affected the stability of the company as customers could not afford to have projects completed, including the Diamond Club, a hotel for which WPH had drawn blueprints. John Evans lost most of his personal investments in the crash and declared bankruptcy. Evans's departure from the company and the financial constraints of the times eventually caused the company to fold. Fortunately, WPH had established his reputation not only as an artist, but also as an architect, and furniture designer and builder.

The 1930s were years of financial struggle for the Hendersons. Caring for their three granddaughters while Alice and John Evans divorced compounded the Hendersons' economic difficulties, although Evans's grandmother, Sara Montague, provided some financial support for the children. The divorce was finalized in December 1933. Alice Evans married Edgar Lewis Rossin on June 3, 1938. They lived in New York City and raised her three daughters, while his son lived with them occasionally.

ACH's health was unsound throughout much of her life. There were many periods when she was simply too weak to work, and the need to work to overcome financial problems created additional stress. WPH's death in 1943 of a heart attack further weakened her will, and she became increasingly unwell until her death in 1949.

After ACH died, AHR moved back to New Mexico and became involved with many projects such as the Museum of New Mexico Foundation (1962-1980) and a revival of the Poet's Round-up in 1968. She also produced the play Husband's Don't Count in London in 1958. Some of AHR's activities focused on her parents' work, including maintaining copyright status of ACH's works, exhibiting her father's work, and assisting with the biographies of her parents. AHR married Carlton Colquitt sometime during the mid-1980s.

For further information on the Hendersons see: Witter Bynner and Oliver La Farge's An Appreciation: Alice Corbin Henderson (galley), Ina Sizer Cassidy Alice Corbin Henderson (box 13.4), T. M. Pearce's Biography of Alice Corbin Henderson (box 55.5), David Bell's biography of William Penhallow Henderson (box 55.7), other articles about WPH (box 55.8), and William Penhallow Henderson, Master Colorist of Santa Fe in the HRC book collection.

1877 William Penhallow Henderson (WPH) was born on June 4, in the Boston area. 1879 85 WPH and parents settled near Uvalde, Texas, to raise cattle. 1881 Alice R. Corbin (ACH) was born on April 16 in St. Louis, Missouri. 1884 ACH's two brothers died young; Mallory at the age of two and Beverly about two months after their mother, Lulu Corbin, died of tuberculosis. 1884 91 ACH lived with her father's cousin, Alice Richardson. 1891 ACH's father, Fillmore, remarried and Alice went to live with the family in Kansas City. 1893 ACH's half-sister, Margaret was born. 1895 ACH's half-brother Ewing was born. Corbin returned to Chicago to attend high school and lived with the Richardsons. 1898 ACH published her first volume of poetry, the Linnet Songs. 1899 02 ACH entered the University of Chicago and lived with her high school English teacher, Harriet C. Brainard. 1901 03 WPH in Europe on a scholarship to study art. 1902 ACH moved to New Orleans where she attended Sophie Newcomb College. Worked as a book reviewer for the New Orleans Times-Picayune. 1903 In the fall ACH returned to Chicago and began writing reviews for the Chicago Tribune and the Evening Post. 1904 WPH returned from Europe to Boston in January. Accepted a teaching position at the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts. 1904 ACH rented a studio at the Academy of Fine Arts where she met William Penhallow Henderson. 1905 On October 14, ACH and WPH were married. Lake Bluff, Illinois, (a house given to ACH by the Richardsons) was their home, though they maintained the studio in Chicago. 1906 WPH's father, William Oliver Henderson died. 1907 Alice Oliver Henderson was born on January 27, (see AHR chronology). 1908 Together ACH and WPH published a translation of Andersen's Best Fairy Tales. ACH also published Adam's Dream. 1910 11 The Hendersons traveled in Europe for 14 months, returning to Chicago in September. 1912 ACH published her second book of poetry The Spinning Woman of the Sky, and became the assistant editor of Poetry: A Magazine of Verse. 1916 Hendersons moved to Santa Fe, NM, where ACH recuperated from tuberculosis at the Sunmount Sanatorium. 1917 ACH worked with Harriet Monroe on an anthology, The New Poetry. Later editions were published in 1923 and in 1932. 1920 ACH published Red Earth. During the 1920s the Hendersons became involved with the rights of American Indians. 1922 ACH resigned as assistant editor of Poetry. 1925 WPH, John Evans, and Edwin Brooks began the Pueblo-Spanish Building Co. WPH designed a plan for the Cheyenne Mountain House in Colorado Springs. 1926 27 WPH remodeled the Santa Fe Railroad Ticket Office. 1928 ACH published the Turquoise Trail. 1929 WPH remodeled the Santa Fe Sena Plaza. 1930 WPH designed a hotel for Diamond Club, however, the stock market crash prevented it from being built. 1930 ACH helped create the Poet's Round-up on August 16. 1933 ACH published The Sun Turns West through the Writer's Edition, which she helped form. 1934 ACH and WPH helped initiate the Eugene Manlove Rhodes Memorial Association. WPH designed the monument. 1935 ACH published A Child's Bouquet through the Writer's Edition. 1936 37 ACH was editor-in-chief for the Works Progress Administration Federal Writers Project, New Mexico: a Guide to the Colorful State. 1937 ACH published Brothers of Light, and WPH illustrated it. 1938 42 WPH built the House of Navajo Religion (later the Museum of Navajo Ceremonial Art and subsequently the Wheelwright Museum of the American Indian) originally part of the Laboratory of Anthropology. ACH became the curator for this facility. 1939 The Writer's Edition dissolved, as did the Poet's Round-up. 1941 The Eugene Manlove Rhodes Memorial was dedicated on May 19. 1943 On October 14 William P. Henderson died of a heart attack. 1949 On July 18 Alice Corbin Henderson died from heart failure. 1907 Alice Oliver Henderson born on January 27. 1922 AHR married John Evans in December. 1924 Natalie Evans born on January 8. 1925 Nancy Evans born on February 23. The family moved to Buffalo, NY, in the fall. 1926 Letitia (Tish) Evans born on November 6. 1931 AHR and daughters went to Europe in the fall. 1932 33 From one summer to the next, the grandchildren stayed with ACH and WPH. 1933 In December, the Evans divorced. 1934 AHR and daughters moved to Santa Fe where AHR opened a dress shop. 1938 AHR married Edgar Lewis Rossin on June 3 and moved to New York. 1947 Alfred S. Rossin (Edgar's father) died on June 5. Nancy Evans married Robert William Janes on June 10. Natalie Evans married Bill Mauldin on June 27. 1948 Edgar Rossin died of a heart attack on August 18. Andrew Edgar Mauldin born on September 3. 1962 80 AHR on the board of the Museum of New Mexico Foundation. 1968 AHR revived the Poet's Round-up. 19 AHR married Carlton Colquitt. 1988 Alice Oliver Henderson Evans Rossin Colquitt died of cancer in February.

From the guide to the Alice Corbin Henderson Collection TXRC92-A24., 1861-1987, (Harry Ransom Center University of Texas at Austin)



Biographical notes are generated from the bibliographic and archival source records supplied by data contributors.

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http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65m77hv
SNAC ID:
55690103

Subjects:

  • Art, American--Southwest, New
  • American Poetry
  • Architecture--New Mexico--Santa Fe
  • American Literature--New Mexico
  • Women Authors, American--Southwest, New
  • Indians of North America--New Mexico--Religion and mythology
  • Indians of North America--Poetry
  • Architecture
  • Indians of North America--New Mexico--Civil rights
  • American Poetry--Periodicals
  • American Poetry--New Mexico
  • Poetry
  • Authors, American
  • Women Authors, American
  • Authors, American--Southwest, New
  • American Poetry--20th century
  • Poetry--Periodicals
  • American Poetry--20th Century
  • Navajo Indians
  • Indians of North America--Civil Rights
  • American Literature
  • Art, American
  • Indians of North America--Religion and Mythology

Occupations:

not available for this record

Places:

  • New Mexico--Santa Fe (as recorded)
  • Southwest, New (as recorded)
  • New Mexico (as recorded)