Gropius, Walter, 1883-1969

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1883-05-18
Death 1969-07-05
Americans
English, Spanish; Castilian, German

Biographical notes:

Architect, educator. Studied architecture at the Universities of Charlottenburg-Berlin and Munich, Germany from 1903 to 1907. Founded and directed the Staatliches Bauhaus, Weimar in 1919, which Gropius moved to Dessau in 1925 and renamed "Bauhaus Dessau". Professor of Architecture in the Graduate School of Design, Harvard University, 1937 and Chairman of the Department of Architecture from 1938 to 1952. Formed the Architects' Collaborative in Cambridge in 1946. For further information see James Marston Fitch's Walter Gropius, New York, George Braziller, 1960.

From the description of Collection, 1880-1980 (bulk). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 234360204

Correspondence to Lewis and Sophia Mumford from Walter Gropius and his wife, Ise Gropius.

From the description of Letters, 1928-1940, to Lewis and Sophia Mumford. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155868906

American architect of German birth.

From the description of Autograph letter signed on his visiting card, dated : Weimar, [1919-1925?], to Herr Wolff, 1919-1925?. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270578363

German architect and director of the Bauhaus in Weimar and Dessau from 1919-1928.

From the description of Photographs of architecture. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78213298

Gropius was a German-born architect and educator. He founded the Bauhaus in Weimar (1919), taught at Harvard University (1937-1952), and formed the Architects Collaborative in Cambridge, Mass. (1946).

From the description of Walter Groupius papers in the Bauhaus-Archiv, ca. 1919-1937. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612452609

German-American architect.

From the description of Letters and manuscript writings, 1918-1963. (Getty Research Institute). WorldCat record id: 81478202

Architect.

From the description of Reminiscences of Walter Gropius : lecture, 1961. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122513599

Gropius was a German-born architect and educator, who founded and directed the Staatliches Bauhaus, Weimar in 1919; taught at Harvard, 1937-1952; and formed the Architects Collaborative in Cambridge, 1946.

From the description of Additional papers, 1908-1937 and undated. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 79458307

From the description of Walter Gropius papers, 1925-1969 (inclusive), 1937-1969 (bulk). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612370261

From the guide to the Additional papers, 1908-1937 and undated., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

From the guide to the Walter Gropius papers, 1925-1969 (inclusive), 1937-1969 (bulk)., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

Alma Mahler and Walter Gropius were married in 1915 and divorced in 1920. Ise Gropius (born Frank) was the second wife of Walter Gropius; they were married in 1923. Manon Gropius was the daughter of Walter Gropius and Alma Mahler, and the stepdaughter of Franz Werfel.

From the description of Correspondence with Alma Mahler and Franz Werfel, 1910-1960. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155863386

Architect, educator and founder of the Bauhaus school.

Born in Berlin, Walter Gropius studied at the University of Charlottenburg-Berlin and Munich. Following European travel and apprenticeship with Peter Behrens in Berlin, he established his own practice in 1910. After military service in WWI, he became director of the School of Applied Arts and the Academy of Arts, united the two and named the new institute Bauhaus Dessau in 1925. Between 1934 and 1937, he had a private practice in London. From 1938 to 1952, Gropius was chairman of Harvard's Graduate School of Design and maintained a private practice with Marcel Breuer from 1938 to 1941. Gropius married Alma Schindler, Gustav Mahler's widow, in 1915. In 1923, he married Ise (or Ilse) Franck (1897-1983).

From the description of Walter and Ise Gropius papers, 1883-1981. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 84402238

Architect, educator and founder of the Bauhaus school.

Born in Berlin, Walter Gropius studied at the University of Charlottenburg-Berlin and Munich. Following European travel and apprenticeship with Peter Behrens in Berlin, he established his own practice in 1910. After military service in WWI, he became director of the School of Applied Arts and the Academy of Arts, united the two and named the new institute Bauhaus Dessau in 1925. Between 1934 and 1937, he had a private practice in London. From 1938 to 1952, Gropius was chairman of Harvard's Graduate School of Design and maintained a private practice with Marcel Breuer from 1938 to 1941. Gropius married Alma Schindler, Gustav Mahler's widow, in 1915. In 1923, he married Ise (or Ilse) Franck (1897-1983).

From the description of Walter and Ise Gropius papers, 1883-1981. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 226956371

Architect, educator and founder of the Bauhaus school.

Born in Berlin, Walter Gropius studied at the University of Charlottenburg-Berlin and Munich. Following European travel and apprenticeship with Peter Behrens in Berlin, he established his own practice in 1910. After military service in WWI, he became director of the School of Applied Arts and the Academy of Arts, united the two and named the new institute Bauhaus Dessau in 1925. Between 1934 and 1937, he had a private practice in London. From 1938 to 1952, Gropius was chairman of Harvard's Graduate School of Design and maintained a private practice with Marcel Breuer from 1938 to 1941. Gropius married Alma Schindler, Gustav Mahler's widow, in 1915. In 1923, he married Ise (or Ilse) Franck.

From the description of Walter and Ise Gropius slides, 1940-1968. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81304606

Gropius was a German-born architect and educator. He founded the Bauhaus in Weimar (1919), taught at Harvard University (1937-1952), and formed the Architects Collaborative in Cambridge, Mass. (1946).

This finding aid of the Gropius materials represents only part of the personal archive of Walter Gropius, the early papers. The papers of Walter Gropius survive in two forms and in two places. After the death of Prof. Gropius, his widow, Ise Gropius, directed that all of his papers be photographed; funds for this were provided by the Thyssen Foundation. The early papers, consisting of all of his correspondence, writings, and press clippings up until 1937, when he came to Harvard, exist as originals at the Bauhaus-Archiv, Museum für Gestaltung in Berlin (formerly in Darmstadt), while the photographs of these early papers are at Harvard's Houghton Library. Those photographs are the subject of this finding aid. Likewise, the originals of the late papers, all of the correspondence, writings, and press clippings from 1937 on, are in the Houghton Library, while the photographs of the late papers are in the Bauhaus-Archiv in Berlin. Those originals are the subject of the first volume of the Gropius Papers finding aid (bMS Ger 208; accession no. *81M-84).

Represented in neither the finding aid of the late papers, nor in this finding aid, is Gropius's vast collection of press clippings (again in two parts: photographs of pre-1937 materials, originals thereafter). These press clipings are also housed in the Houghton Library. There are two cartons of photographs of early press clippings (1917-1930) with 41 boxes of photographs, containing some 3000 pages in all, and 4 cartons of original clippings (1938-1957) in 13 large scrapbooks, also containing several thousand pages. The Lamont Library at Harvard also houses microfilm of the complete clippings scrapbooks of Walter Gropius (1917-1959). The press clippings from the years 1930-1937, and from 1957-1959 are not in the Houghton Library, but are only on microfilm in the Lamont Library at Harvard (Call number: Film A24).

The final series (which is available only in the printed version) is a list of all the items in their original order, just as they were numbered by the Bauhaus-Archiv. This list serves two purposes; first, that of allowing the reader to see which items were originally side by side in the files of Walter Gropius, and second, that of allowing this finding aid to be used at the Bauhaus-Archiv in Berlin. Accordingly, the Bauhaus-Archiv number follows each item's entry. With such cross-references it is thus a simple matter to locate any item in both the Houghton Library collection or the Bauhaus-Archiv. The Bauhaus-Archiv numbers are also used to cross-reference correspondents listed in Series III to certain large collections of papers which have been left together as a collection in Series I and II. The papers which make up the project Das flache Dach, or the materials in the entry Gropius and the Nazis, for example, are much more meaningful as separate collections, and have been left as such. Yet individual correspondents within such collections can be found in Series III, and then located by the Bauhaus-Archiv number in the specific collection of papers in either Series I or II. There are 6 such collections of papers: item numbers (6), (42), (92), (103), (122), and (129). A few dozen numbers in the Bauhaus-Archiv collection appear to be missing in the Houghton collection and these are noted in series IV. Several of these apparently missing pages are, however, in the original collection in Berlin. An appendix to series IV lists the omissions and, if an original is in Berlin, briefly describes the item.

From the guide to the Walter Gropius papers in the Bauhaus-Archiv, ca. 1919-1937., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

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