Twain, Mark, 1835-1910

Alternative names
Birth 1835-11-30
Death 1910-04-21

Biographical notes:

Mark Twain (b. Samuel Langhorne Clemens, November 30, 1835, Florida, MO – d. April 21, 1910, Redding, CT) was an American writer, humorist, entrepreneur, publisher, and lecturer. Among his novels are The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876) and its sequel, the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885). Twain served an apprenticeship with a printer and then worked as a typesetter, contributing articles to the newspaper of his older brother Orion Clemens. He later became a riverboat pilot on the Mississippi River before heading west to join Orion in Nevada. He was lauded as the "greatest humorist this country has produced", and William Faulkner called him "the father of American literature".

Robert Morton Hughes, an alumnus of the College of William and Mary, attended the University of Virginia Law School. He was the son of Robert William and Eliza M. (Johnston) Hughes. He practiced law in Norfolk, Virginia. Hughes was the president of the Virginia Bar Association; biographer of Joseph Eggleston Johnston; a member of the Virginia Board of Education; and served as a member and as rector of the Board of Visitors of the College of William and Mary.

  • 1855: Born, in Abingdon, Virginia,the son of Robert William and Eliza M. [Johnston] Hughes
  • 1870 - 1873 : Attended College of William and Mary,A.B.
  • 1877: M.A., University of Virginia
  • 1877: Began law practice in Norfolk
  • 1879: Married Mattie Smithof Williamsburg(two sons)
  • 1893 - 1918 : Member of the Board of Visitors of the College of William and Mary,served as Rector
  • 1895: President, Virginia Bar Association
  • 1930 - 1935 : Member, Virginia State Board of Education
  • 1940: Died in Norfolk, Virginia

From the guide to the Robert Morton Hughes Papers, 1715-1933., (Special Collections, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary)


Loading Relationships


Ark ID:


  • Publishers and Publishing
  • Translating and interpreting
  • Manuscripts, American
  • Constellations--Artists' books
  • Library decoration
  • Religious education
  • Printing industry
  • American poetry--Women authors
  • Authors, American--19th century--Manuscripts
  • Children--Death
  • Clipper ships--Fires and fire prevention
  • Political satire, American
  • Illumination of books and manuscripts
  • Prejudices
  • presidents
  • Ocean travel
  • Calligraphy--Specimens
  • Sawyer, Tom (Fictitious character)--Fiction
  • Authors, American--19th century--Correspondence
  • Illustration of books
  • Art and society--Drama
  • Literature--American Fiction
  • Theosophy
  • Grief
  • Painters--Drama
  • Finance, Personal
  • Books--Mutilation, defacement, etc
  • Dutch wit and humor
  • Authors, American
  • Lectures and lecturing
  • Practice of law--Virginia--History
  • Longitude--Measurement--Artists' books
  • Libraries
  • Authors, American--19th century
  • Religious education--Study and teaching
  • Manuscripts--English
  • Journalists
  • Business failures
  • Typography
  • Humorists, American
  • Authors, American--19th century--Archives
  • Authors and publishers
  • Typesetting machines
  • Universities and colleges--Religion
  • Devil
  • Theater
  • Steamboats
  • Publishers and publishing--History--19th century
  • Silver mines and mining
  • Art--Mutilation, defacement, etc
  • Voyages and travels
  • Jews--Public opinion
  • Authors--Travel
  • Antisemitism
  • Shipwrecks--Artists' books
  • Child welfare
  • Palmistry
  • Booksellers and bookselling--Colportage, subscription trade, etc
  • Newspapers
  • Telegraph--History
  • Book editors
  • Copyright--Royalties
  • Authors, American--19th century--Biography
  • Authors and publishers--History--19th century
  • Copyright
  • Letters
  • Pilots and pilotage
  • Authors and readers
  • Authors, American--Correspondence
  • Authors, American--Biography
  • Public libraries


  • Humorists
  • Authors, American
  • Authors


  • Heidelberg (Germany) (as recorded)
  • Elmira (N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • Heilbronn (Germany) (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)
  • Blanc, Mont (France and Italy) (as recorded)
  • Milan (Italy) (as recorded)
  • Illinois--Urbana (as recorded)
  • West (U.S.) (as recorded)
  • Nevada (as recorded)
  • Neckar River Valley (Germany) (as recorded)
  • England (as recorded)
  • Florence (Italy) (as recorded)
  • Palestine (as recorded)
  • Dilsberg (Germany) (as recorded)
  • Hawaii (as recorded)
  • California--Berkeley (as recorded)
  • San Francisco Alta (as recorded)
  • Germany (as recorded)
  • Switzerland (as recorded)
  • Hartford (Conn.) (as recorded)
  • Mississippi River Valley (as recorded)
  • Florence (Italy) (as recorded)
  • Baden-Baden (Germany) (as recorded)
  • Alps, Swiss (Switzerland) (as recorded)
  • California--Berkeley (as recorded)
  • Venice (Italy) (as recorded)
  • Mississippi River (as recorded)
  • Hannibal (Mo.) (as recorded)
  • Alps, Swiss (Switzerland) (as recorded)