Nightingale, Florence, 1820-1910

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1820-05-12
Death 1910-08-13
Britons
English

Biographical notes:

Nurse; helped introduce concept of sanitary hospital conditions.

From the description of Florence Nightingale collection, 1830-1910. (Boston University). WorldCat record id: 70970893

Florence Nightingale (12 May 1820-13 August 1910) was a celebrated English nurse, writer and statistician.

From the description of Florence Nightingale collection. [1881-1913]. (University of Victoria Libraries). WorldCat record id: 688600958

English nurse, hospital reformer and philanthropist.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Castle Hospital, Balaclava, to an unidentified army officer, 1855 Nov. 21. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270609866

From the description of Autograph letter signed : London, to Dr. George Evatt, 1883 Jun. 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270610473

Florence Nightingale is mostly remembered for her service to nursing during the Crimean War years. However, Nightingale pushed for reforms in the British military health-care system and public nursing, raised awareness of hygiene, healthy living and working environments, and elevated nursing as a respectable profession for women. In 1860 she established the Nightingale Training School for nurses at St Thomas' Hospital, London. Probationer nurses were trained and sent to establish nurse training in hospitals in Britain and abroad, including India and Australia.

From the description of Correspondence of Florence Nightingale [manuscript]. 1862-1889. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 223740848

Florence Nightingale is most remembered for her service to nursing during the Crimean War years. For most of her working life Nightingale pushed for reforms in the British military health-care system and public nursing, raising awareness of hygiene, healthy living and working environments, and elevating nursing as a respectable profession for women. In 1860 she established the Nightingale Training School for nurses at St Thomas' Hospital, London. Probationer nurses were trained and sent to establish nurse training in hospitals in Britain and abroad, including India and Australia.

From the description of Correspondence of Florence Nightingale [manuscript]. 1859-1872. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 223759419

English nurse and hospital reformer.

From the description of Autograph letter signed from Florence Nightingale, London, to Mrs. J. Farnes, 1893 January 12. (University of California, Los Angeles). WorldCat record id: 422271466

From the description of Autograph letter signed from Florence Nightingale, London, to Mr. Buxton [manuscript], 1881 June 13. (University of California, Los Angeles). WorldCat record id: 422245765

From the description of Autograph letter : London, to H.P. Wright, 1861 Mar. 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270846083

From the description of Autograph letter signed from Florence Nightingale, London, to Mrs. Cleveland [manuscript], 1889 April 15. (University of California, Los Angeles). WorldCat record id: 422275521

From the description of Autograph letter signed from F.N., London, to my dear sir [manuscript], 1861 December 12. (University of California, Los Angeles). WorldCat record id: 422264162

Born in Italy, she was raised in a wealthy English family. She first became well known when she brought order to the British army's medical services during the Crimean War.

From the description of Letter, 1865 June 19. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122379186

Florence Nightingale pushed for reforms in the British military health-care system and public nursing, raised awareness of hygiene, healthy living and working environments, and elevated nursing as a respectable profession for women. In 1860 she established the Nightingale Training School for nurses at St Thomas' Hospital, London. Probationer nurses were trained and sent to establish nurse training in hospitals in Britain and abroad, including India and Australia.

From the description of Letter by Florence Nightingale [manuscript] : London. 1891. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 223876217

Florence Nightingale was born to a wealthy family in 1820. She entered into cottage visiting and nursing early, and from 1844 to 1855 visited hospitals in London and abroad. Returning from an 1849-1850 tour of Egypt she visited the Kaiserswerth Institute for deaconesses and nurses and trained here as a nurse in 1851. In 1853 she became Superintendent of the Hospital for Invalid Gentlewomen in London. In 1855 at the invitation of Sidney Herbert she took a party of nurses to the Crimean War, serving at the hospital in Scutari Barracks and also visiting Balaclava. On her return to the United Kingdom she engaged in a campaign for the sanitary reforms that she had instituted in the Crimea to be accepted as general practice. Her campaigning led to the foundation of the Nightingale School and Home for Nurses at St. Thomas's Hospital, London. She was also involved in campaigning for humanitarian aid during the Franco-Prussian War, for improved sanitation in India, and for cottage hospitals in the United Kingdom. She died in 1910.

From the guide to the Papers of: Nightingale, Florence (1820-1910), 1847-1905, undated, (Wellcome Library)

In March, 1868, Lucy Osburn arrived in Sydney as a lady superintendent at Sydney Hospital. With her came 5 trained sisters who had been selected by Florence Nightingale. These sisters were Haldane Turriff, Mary Barker, Eliza Blundell, Annie Miller and Bessie Chant, later Simpson. These letters describe their work at Sydney Hospital.

From the description of Correspondence [manuscript]. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 225762696

English nurse, the founder of modern nursing.

From the description of Letter, 1888. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 367332837

From the description of Letter, 1856. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 367330576

English nurse, hospital reformer, philanthropist.

From the description of Papers, 1872-1877. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122481470

Florence Nightingale was the founder of modern nursing. At the time the letters in this collection were written, she no longer worked for the War Office, but was working on literary and mystical writings under the guidance of her friend, Benjamin Jowett, as well as interviewing, counselling and writing to nurses for hospitals and nurses' training schools.

From the description of Florence Nightingale Papers. 1873-1879. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 225561805

British nurse.

From the description of Papers, 1870-1941 and undated, [bulk 1870-1897]. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 31715237

1853-1854 superintendent to the Establishment for Gentlewomen during Illness; 1854-1856 administrator and organizer of nursing at Scutari during the Crimean War; 1856-1870 work on reform of the Army Medical Service, promotion of sanitary science, collection of statistics, design of hospitals and reform of nursing and midwifery services; 1907 member of the Order of Merit; 1908 freedom of the City of London.

Epithet: nursing and health care reformer

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001219.0x000185

Florence Nightingale, (1820-1910), nursing pioneer and reformer, is regarded as the founder of modern nursing. Born in Florence, Italy, she dedicated her life to the care of the sick and war wounded. In 1844, she began to visit hospitals; in 1850, she spent some time with the nursing Sisters of St. Vincent de Paul in Alexandria and a year later studied at the institute for Protestant deaconesses in Kaiserswerth, Germany. In 1854, she organized a unit of 38 nurses for service in the Crimean War. In 1860, she established the Nightingale School for nurse training at St. Thomas's Hospital, London and in 1907 became the first woman to be given the British Order of Merit. Her written works include Notes on Hospital Administration (1857), Notes on Hospitals (1859), Notes on Nursing (1860), and Notes on Nursing for the Labouring Classes (1861). After her death the Crimean Monument at Waterloo Place, London, was erected in her honour and in 1934 the Florence Nightingale International Foundation was inaugurated.

William Rathbone (1818-1902), philanthropist, merchant, ship owner and radical politician was first elected as Member of Parliament for Caernarfonshire in 1880. He retired as MP in 1895.

From the guide to the Florence Nightingale letters, 1882-1883, (Bangor University)

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Subjects:

  • personnel
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Occupations:

  • Nurses--Great Britain
  • Nurses

Places:

  • Russia, Europe, Asia (as recorded)
  • Buckingham Buckinghamshire England (as recorded)
  • Punjab, India (as recorded)
  • Russia Eastern Europe (as recorded)
  • Greece, Europe (as recorded)
  • Calcutta (India) (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Manchuria, China (as recorded)
  • Cochin State, India (as recorded)
  • Shrewsbury, Shropshire (as recorded)
  • Bangor (Wales) (as recorded)
  • India (as recorded)
  • Florence, Italy (as recorded)
  • Parsee Cemetery, Woking, England (as recorded)
  • India, Asia (as recorded)
  • India, Asia (as recorded)
  • Yunnan, China (as recorded)
  • Russia, Europe, Asia (as recorded)
  • Crimea (as recorded)
  • Thailand, Asia (as recorded)
  • Bridgnorth, Shropshire (as recorded)
  • Krym Ukraine Eastern Europe (as recorded)
  • Madras, India (as recorded)
  • Ethiopia, Africa (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Bombay, India (as recorded)
  • Bombay, India (as recorded)
  • Siena, Italy (as recorded)
  • Hyderabad State, India (as recorded)
  • India, Asia (as recorded)
  • China, Asia (as recorded)
  • Devonshire, England (as recorded)
  • Mysore State, India (as recorded)
  • Chester, Cheshire (as recorded)
  • Montgomeryshire, Wales (as recorded)
  • Travancore State, India (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Calcutta, India (as recorded)
  • England (as recorded)
  • London (England) (as recorded)
  • Battersea, Surrey (as recorded)
  • Salem, Madras (as recorded)
  • Bombay, India (as recorded)
  • Burma, Asia (as recorded)
  • Ombersley, Worcestershire (as recorded)
  • Exeter, Devon (as recorded)
  • India, Asia (as recorded)
  • Japan, Asia (as recorded)
  • Australia (as recorded)
  • Sind, India (as recorded)
  • Iran, Asia (as recorded)
  • Newton, Lancashire (as recorded)
  • Waterbeach, Cambridgeshire (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Madras, India (as recorded)
  • London England (as recorded)
  • Bengal, India (as recorded)
  • Hyderabad State, India (as recorded)
  • Waterloo, Belgium (as recorded)
  • Mysore State, India (as recorded)
  • Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk (as recorded)
  • Deccan, India (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Gladstone, Colorado (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • London, England (as recorded)
  • Sudan, Africa (as recorded)
  • India, Asia (as recorded)
  • Pondicherry, India (as recorded)
  • Afghanistan, Asia (as recorded)
  • Nagpur, Central Provinces (as recorded)
  • Australia (as recorded)
  • Borneo, Indonsesia (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Berar, India (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Central Africa, Africa (as recorded)
  • Wadia Mausoleum, Woking, England (as recorded)
  • India South Asia (as recorded)
  • Central Provinces, India (as recorded)
  • Pakaur, Bihor (as recorded)
  • Madras, India (as recorded)
  • Egypt, Africa (as recorded)
  • Brenzett, Kent (as recorded)
  • Ukraine (as recorded)
  • Persia, Asia Minor (as recorded)
  • Balmoral Castle, Aberdeenshire (as recorded)
  • Scutari, Turkey (?) (as recorded)
  • Godavari River, India (as recorded)
  • Lancashire, England (as recorded)
  • Surrey, England (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • South Africa, Africa (as recorded)
  • Kalat State, Pakistan (as recorded)
  • Bombay, India (as recorded)
  • Bengal, India (as recorded)
  • Egypt, Africa (as recorded)