Madison, James, 1751-1836

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1751-03-16
Death 1836-06-28
Americans
English

Biographical notes:

James Madison (1751-1836) was the fourth president of the United States, born in Port Conway, Virginia. He was a member of the Virginia legislature from 1776 to 1780 and from 1784 to 1786, and the Continental Congress from 1780 to 1783. His proposals at and management of the Constitutional Convention in 1787 earned him title "father of the U.S. Constitution." He cooperated with Alexander Hamilton and Jay in writing a series of papers (pub. 1787-88 under title of The Federalist) explaining the new Constitution and advocating its adoption. Madison was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1789 to 1797, sponsored the Bill of Rights, and was leader of Democratic-Republican party in opposition to Hamilton's financial measures. He drafted the Virginia Resolutions in 1798, inspired by resentment at the Federalist alien and sedition laws. He served as U.S. Secretary of State from 1801 to 1809, and as President of the U.S. from 1809 to 1817. Madison was also commander in chief during the War of 1812. He approved the charter of Second Bank of the United States and nation's first system of protective tariffs. He served as Rector of the University of Virginia from 1826 to 1836.

Loading...

Loading Relationships

Information

Permalink:
http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64850wc
Ark ID:
w64850wc
SNAC ID:
83415780

Subjects:

  • Manuscripts, American
  • Executive power--United States
  • Madeira wine--Transportation
  • Business and Skilled Trades
  • Constitutional history
  • Population--History--19th century--Sources
  • American Revolution
  • Politicians
  • Federal government
  • States' rights (American politics)
  • Boundaries, State--History--18th century
  • Fugitive slaves
  • Jay's treaty, 1794
  • Geology History
  • Indians, Treatment of--History--Colonial Period, ca. 1600-1775
  • Autographs
  • Marriage and Family Life
  • Philadelphia History
  • Nullification (States' rights)
  • Temperance
  • Inventories of decedent's estates
  • Indians of North America--Population--History--19th century--Sources
  • Boston Tea Party, 1773
  • Burr Conspiracy, 1805-1807
  • Presidents--Election--1824
  • Separation of powers
  • Natural history
  • Presidents--19th century
  • Judicial power
  • Colonial Politics
  • Religious tolerance--History--18th century
  • Seneca Indians--Treaties
  • Slavery--United States
  • Ambassadors
  • Land and Speculation
  • Freedom of religion--History--18th century
  • Constitutional history--18th century
  • Surveying
  • Shawnee Indians--Wars, 1775-1783
  • Beyond Early America
  • Antebellum Politics
  • Viticulture
  • Land grants
  • Early National Politics
  • Gastroenteritis
  • Malthusianism--History--19th century--Sources
  • Scientific organizations
  • Slaves
  • Espionage, American
  • Ship's papers
  • Waterways--History
  • Shawnee Indians--Government relations
  • Meteorology--Observations
  • Alien and Sedition laws, 1798
  • Presidents--Election
  • Birds--Migration--United States
  • Cargo ships
  • Agriculture
  • College teachers--Selection and appointment--History--19th century
  • Employment references
  • Law--Study and teaching (Higher)
  • Power of attorney--19th century
  • Legislative power
  • Pennsylvania History
  • Constitutional convention
  • Speeches, addresses, etc., American--19th century
  • Classical education
  • Frigate Bay, Battle of, Saint Kitts and Nevis, 1782
  • Courts--History--19th century
  • Presidents--Correspondence
  • Louisiana Purchase
  • Literature, Arts, and Culture
  • Presidents--Inaugural addresses
  • Insurance agents--United States
  • Speeches, addresses, etc.--19th century
  • Constitutional conventions--United States
  • Education--History--18th century
  • Science and technology
  • Weather
  • Women's history
  • Slavery--History
  • Secretaries of State (State governments)--Selection and appointment
  • Impressment
  • City planning
  • Birds--Migration
  • Politics, Government, and Law
  • Dissenters, Religious--History--18th century
  • Literature--Societies, etc
  • President's spouses
  • Gardening--Equipment and supplies--19th century
  • Fourth of July orations
  • Travel
  • Encyclopedias and dictionaries
  • Slavery
  • Jurisprudence
  • Education
  • presidents
  • Tobacco industry
  • Constitutional conventions--History--18th century
  • Indians of North America
  • Trade
  • Colony and State Specific History
  • Social Life and Customs

Occupations:

  • Representatives, U.S. Congress--Virginia
  • Politicians
  • Public officers--United States
  • Politicians--United States
  • Cabinet officers
  • Delegates, U.S. Continental Congress--Virginia
  • Presidents
  • Merchants--United States
  • Presidents--United States

Places:

  • United States, 00, US
  • Washington, D. C., DC, US
  • Orange County, VA, US
  • Port Conway, VA, US