Milledge, John, 1757-1818

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1757
Death 1818-02-09

Biographical notes:

John Milledge, II (1757-1818) was born in Savannah, Georgia, the only son of John Milledge (1721-1781) and Ann (Smith) Milledge. A prominent lawyer, Milledge sided with the patriots and fought in the Revolutionary War, served as Attorney-General of Georgia in 1780, as a member of the Georgia House of Representatives (1782-1790), as a member of the United States Congress (1792-1801), as Governor of Georgia (1802- 1806), and as a United States Senator (1806-1809). In 1801, Milledge purchased a 633 acre tract of land for $4,000 and named it "Athens" in honor of Greece's ancient center of culture and learning. He was a key figure in the establishment of the University of Georgia. Not only was he on the committee that decided the location of the institution, but he donated the 633 acre tract of land where the university and the city of Athens now stand. The Georgia state legislature called for the establishment of a town to be named after Milledge in 1803 and one year later Milledgeville became Georgia's fourth capital. Milledgville, located in Baldwin County, served as Georgia's state capital from 1804 until 1868. Milledge resigned his Senate seat in 1809 and returned to Georgia to be with his wife, Martha Galphin Milledge, who was very ill and later died. John Milledge died at Sand Hills, his plantation near Augusta, Georgia, on 9 February 1818 and is buried in Summerville Cemetery in Augusta, Georgia.

From the description of John Milledge letter, 1793. (Georgia Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 297537446

John Milledge (1757-1818), politician, U.S. Congressman, Georgia Governor, resided in Augusta, Georgia.

From the description of Letter to Sheftall Sheftall, 1796 Feb. 26. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38476549

U.S. Congressman and Senator and governor of Georgia.

From the description of Papers, 1755-1853. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 20030175

Fort Wilkinson was established in 1797 on the Oconee river three miles south of Milledgeville, An early trading post for Creek Indians, Fort Wilkinson was named for General James Wilkinson of Maryland. The fort was in what is now Baldwin County. The land for Baldwin County was secured through a treaty signed June 16, 1802 at Fort Wilkinson between the United States and the Creek Nation.

From the description of John Milledge letter : to Major Jacob Kingsbury, 1803 March 7. (Georgia Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 43886837

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Ark ID:
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Subjects:

  • Louisiana Purchase
  • Presidents--Election--1801
  • Impressment
  • Land grants
  • Indians of North America--Government relations--1789-1869
  • Bounties, Military
  • Yellow fever
  • Slavery
  • Lotteries
  • Sailors
  • Governor

Occupations:

not available for this record

Places:

  • Georgia (as recorded)
  • Spain (as recorded)
  • South Carolina (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Georgia (as recorded)
  • Virginia (as recorded)
  • Georgia (as recorded)
  • Fort Wilkinson (Ga.) (as recorded)
  • Algeria (as recorded)