Remarque, Erich Maria, 1898-1970

Alternative names
Birth 1898-06-22
Death 1970-09-25
German, English

Biographical notes:

Erich Maria Remarque (the pseudonym of Erich Paul Remark) was a German-born writer most famous for his 1929 work All Quiet on the Western Front (Im Westen nichts Neues), which describes the brutality of World War I from a young soldier's perspective. His literary works include both novels and plays; several of his novels were made into films. Remarque was born in Osnabruck, Germany on June 22, 1898. As a young man, he served as a soldier in World War I and was wounded several times. His postwar works were controversial and were accused of being harmful to Germany's national pride; in 1933 they were banned by the Nazis. Remarque's German citizenship was revoked in 1938. He took up residence in Porto Ronco, Switzerland and lived there until emigrating to the United States in 1939. Remarque and his wife Ilse Jutta Zambona became American citizens in 1947. After divorcing his first wife, Remarque married a former Hollywood actress, Paulette Goddard, in 1958. Remarque and Goddard returned to Switzerland and lived there until Remarque's death on September 25, 1970. Remarque is buried in Ronco cemetery in Ronco Ticino, Switzerland. The collection also includes a small assortment of material related to the career of Hans Habe (also known as Janos Bekessy), a journalist and publisher. Habe was born in 1911. Like Remarque, Habe was persecuted by the Nazi government and his books were banned. He went into exile in France and eventually emigrated to the United States, where he became a citizen. Following the war Habe returned to Germany and founded a chain of newspapers. In 1953, Habe moved to Ascona, Switzerland, where he was a neighbor of Erich Maria Remarque. He died in 1977.

From the description of Erich Maria Remarque papers, 1938-1973. (University at Albany). WorldCat record id: 83865456


From the description of Papers of Erich Maria Remarque, undated. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79455708

Remarque had emigrated to the U.S. in 1939. He became a good friend of Alma Mahler and Franz Werfel after they moved to California and socialized with them often in California and New York between 1941 and 1945. In 1948 he moved to Switzerland.

From the description of Correspondence to Alma Mahler and Franz Werfel, 1941-1952. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155865027

Erich Maria Remarque was a German-born novelist, generally more popular abroad. The unprecedented success of Im Westen nichts neues (translated as All quiet on the western front) established a pattern for Remarque's fiction --well-plotted adventures with an isolated hero, social commentary, autobiographical detail, each reflective of its own time and place.

From the description of Screenplays based on Erich Maria Remarque stories, ca. 1929-1947. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 50217898

Novelist Erich Maria Remarque was born on June 22, 1898 in Osnabrück, Germany. He spent his childhood in imperial Osnabrück, and later served in the German army in World War I on the Western Front. Remarque's books were burned and banned in Nazi Germany, and he lived in exile in Switzerland and the United States following the revocation of his German citizenship in 1938. Remarque married, divorced, and remarried Ilse Jutta Zambona. In 1958 he married American actress Paulette Goddard, and they remained married until his death.

Remarque is best known for his novel All Quiet On the Western Front, which was first published in 1929. His other published novels include The Road Back (1931), Three Comrades (1936, 38), Flotsam (1941), Arch of Triumph (1945), The Black Obelisk (1956), Heaven Has No Favorites (1961), and The Night in Lisbon (1962). Many of these works were adapted into films, often shortly after their publication. According to the Erich Maria Remarque-Peace Center, Remarque critically examined German history in his works, upholding "the preservation of human dignity and humanity in times of oppression, terror and war." Remarque died on September 25, 1970 in Locarno, Switzerland.


From the guide to the Erich Maria Remarque Papers Accretion, 1918-2000, (© 2012 Fales Library and Special Collections)


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  • Acting
  • World War, 1914-1918 Literature and the war
  • Booksellers and bookselling
  • Actresses--United States
  • Authors, German--20th century
  • Fiction--20th century
  • Motion pictures
  • Literature
  • Television plays
  • Motion picture actors and actresses
  • Art--Collectors and collecting
  • German fiction--20th century
  • Law--United States--History
  • German fiction--Book reviews
  • Manuscript preparation (Authorship)
  • Motion picture plays
  • Art objects--Collectors and collecting
  • Theater
  • Law--New York (State)--History
  • Literary agents
  • German fiction--Translations into English
  • Holocaust
  • Publishers and publishing--United States--Correspondence
  • German Americans--New York (State)--New York
  • Novelists, German--20th century
  • Theatrical publishing
  • Film
  • Authors and publishers
  • German Americans--Ethnic identity
  • Translations--Literature
  • Collectors and collecting
  • Ciegos--Libros y lectura
  • Publishers and Publishing
  • Editing
  • Paperbacks--Publishing--United States--History--20th century
  • Drama
  • Literature publishing--United States--History--20th century


  • Authors


  • Hollywood (Los Angeles, Calif.) (as recorded)
  • New York (N.Y.) (as recorded)