Douglass, Frederick, 1818-1895

Alternative names
Birth 1818
Death 1895-02-20

Biographical notes:

Frederick Douglass, a former slave, was a noted lecturer, writer, abolitionist, and diplomat.

From the description of Frederick Douglass letter to George W. Curtis, 1872 September 20. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 50068315

Abolitionist, orator, journalist.

From the description of Note, 1866 April 9. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 29647750

From the description of Letter: Washington, D.C., to [Pinckney B.S.] Pinchback, 1875 April 25. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 29647656

Abolitionist, diplomat, journalist, and orator.

From the description of Autograph note, [18--]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70971618

African-American abolitionist, orator, author, diplomat and public official, born in slavery circa 1817.

From the description of Frederick Douglass collection, 1859-1894. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 86164232

From the guide to the Frederick Douglass collection, 1859-1894, (The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.)

Frederick Douglass (1817?-1889), ex-slave, author, editor, social reformer, and abolitionist, born in Tacahoe, Maryland.

From the description of Frederick Douglass papers, 1850-1889. (Robert W. Woodruff Library of the Atlanta University Center, Inc.). WorldCat record id: 38477755

American diplomat and journalist; born a slave.

From the description of Letter : Washington, D.C., to B.F. Underwood, 1884 May 9. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 22341638

The principal nineteenth-century African American abolitionist, orator, reformer, recorder of deeds in Wash., D.C., and later U.S. Minister to Haiti.

From the description of Documents, 1882-1891. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 81409789

American abolitionist, editor, wuthor, statesman, and reformer.

From the description of Letter : Cedar Hill, Anacostia, D.C., to Rev. [E. Ranken, D.D.], 1894 Dec. 26. (Buffalo History Museum). WorldCat record id: 57054216

Abolitionist, orator, journalist, and U.S. Marshal for the District of Columbia.

From the description of Bankruptcy notice, 1880 Dec. 6. (Historical Society of Washington, Dc). WorldCat record id: 70949904

Alfred Anthony Williams (1860- ), theologian, author and educator, was an executive and administrator of the Committee of the Federal Council of Christ, founder of the Federation Committee of Good Will Between Jews and Christians, and treasurer of the General Conference of Free Baptists.

From the guide to the Alfred Williams Anthony collection, 1679-1944, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

Former slave who became a prominent orator and anti-slavery activist.

From the description of Letters, 1855-1857. (New York State Library). WorldCat record id: 80765800

American abolitionist and author; slave who bought his freedom with proceeds from his lectures.

From the description of Papers of Frederick Douglass [manuscript] 1895-1898. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647875455

Abolitionist, diplomat, journalist, and orator; born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey; changed name to Frederick Douglass after his escape from slavery in 1838.

From the description of Frederick Douglass papers, 1841-1967 (bulk 1862-1895). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70979855

From the description of Frederick Douglass letter to Passmore Williamson, 1856 May 1. (Dartmouth College Library). WorldCat record id: 671374129

Abolitionist, journalist, and diplomat; born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey.

From the description of Frederick Douglass papers, 1790-1943, (bulk, 1847-1895). (Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center). WorldCat record id: 726861727

Frederick Douglass (1818-1895) was an abolitionist, orator, journalist, and author of Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass (1845) detailing his life as a slave in Maryland and escape north.

From the description of Frederick Douglass autograph, 1885. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 769136883

Biographical Note

  • 1818, Feb.: Born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, a slave, on Holme Hill farm on Tuckahoe Creek, Talbot County, Md.
  • 1825: Sent to Baltimore, Md., to live with master's relative
  • 1838: Escaped from slaveholder Married Anna Murray (died 1882) Changed name to Frederick Douglass
  • 1841: Addressed Massachusetts Antislavery Society convention, Nantucket, Mass.
  • 1841 - 1845 : Lectured for antislavery societies
  • 1845: Published Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass (Boston: Antislavery Office. 125 pp.)
  • 1845 - 1847 : Lectured on slavery, Great Britain and Ireland
  • 1847: Moved to Rochester, N.Y.
  • 1847 - 1851 : Published the North Star
  • 1851 - 1860 : Published Frederick Douglass' Paper
  • 1855: Published My Bondage and My Freedom (New York: Miller, Orton & Mulligan. 464 pp.)
  • 1859: Fled to Canada and England to escape arrest on charges of being an accomplice in John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry, (W.) Va.
  • 1859 - 1863 : Published Douglass' Monthly
  • 1860: Returned to the United States
  • 1863: Recruited for the Massachusetts Fifty-fourth Regiment, United States Army, a regiment of African-American men.
  • 1865 - 1895 : Lectured on Reconstruction and women's rights
  • 1870 - 1874 : Owned and edited the New National Era
  • 1871: Toured Santo Domingo
  • 1872: Nominated for vice president by the Equal Rights Party Relocated family to Washington, D.C., after fire destroyed home in Rochester, N.Y.
  • 1874: President of the Freedmen's Bank
  • 1877: Appointed U.S. marshal for the District of Columbia
  • 1878: Purchased "Cedar Hill," Washington, D.C.
  • 1881: Published Life and Times of Frederick Douglass (Hartford, Conn.: Park Publishing Co. 516 pp.) Appointed recorder of deeds for the District of Columbia
  • 1884: Married Helen Pitts
  • 1886 - 1887 : Toured Europe and Africa
  • 1889 - 1891 : Served as minister and consul general, Republic of Haiti, and chargé d'affaires, Santo Domingo
  • 1892 - 1893 : Commissioner of Haiti exhibit, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, Ill.
  • 1895, Feb. 20: Died, Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the Frederick Douglass Papers, 1841-1967, (bulk 1862-1895), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

  • 1817: Born a slave at Tuckahoe in Talbot County, Maryland
  • 1838: Escaped from slavery and later married Anna Murray.
  • 1844: Published My Experiences in Slavery.
  • 1845: Went to Europe, lectured on slavery for the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society
  • 1847: Returned to America as a free man
  • 1847: Began publication of his paper, North Star.
  • 1855: Published My Bondage and My Freedom.
  • 1855: Nominated for office of Secretary of State of New York
  • 1859: Forced to return to England.
  • 1860: Returned to America.
  • 1863: Assisted in recruiting the 54th and 55th Massachusetts Colored regiments.
  • 1869: Established a newspaper, The New National Era, at Washington, D.C.
  • 1870: Appointed Secretary of the Santo Domingo commission by President Grant.
  • 1872: Elected one of the presidential electors-at-large for the State of New York and chosen by the Electoral College to deliver a certified statement of the votes to the President of the Senate.
  • 1877: Appointed Marshall of the District of Columbia by President Hayes.
  • 1881: Appointed Recorder of Deeds for the District of Columbia by President Garfield.
  • 1883: Published Life and Times of Frederick Douglass.
  • 1884: Married Helen Pitts.
  • 1886: Re-visited Europe.
  • 1889: Appointed United States Minister and Consul General to Haiti by President Harrison.
  • 1891: Resigned as Minister and Consul General to Haiti.
  • 1893: Appointed Commissioner for Haiti at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago, Illinois by the Haitian Government.
  • 1895: Died at his home, Cedar Hill, in Anacostia, Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the Frederick Douglass Collection, Bulk, 1874-1895, 1790-1943, (Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University)

African-American orator and journalist.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Washington D.C., to Hon. J.D. Husbands, 1881 Jan. 17. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269539457

African-American lecturer and writer.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Washington, D.C., to J.M. Dalzell, [1880] Nov. 9. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270531086

From the description of Letter signed : Washington, D.C., to James L. Dalzell, 1885 June 29. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270538106


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  • Real property
  • Antislavery movements
  • Slavery
  • African American abolitionists--Correspondence
  • Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)
  • Bankruptcy
  • Abolitionists
  • African Americans--Politics and government
  • Racism--Madrigal comedians
  • Freedmen
  • African Americans--Social conditions
  • Women abolitionists
  • Navy-yards and naval stations, American
  • Abolitionists--Correspondence
  • Slavery--Anti-slavery movements
  • Debtor and creditor
  • Antislavery movements--United States
  • Women's rights
  • African American newspapers
  • Slavery--Religious aspects
  • Slaves--Emancipation
  • African Americans--Employment
  • American newspapers--Circulation
  • Exhibitions--Illinois--Chicago
  • African Americans--Suffrage
  • presidents
  • Abolitionists--History--19th century--Sources
  • Navy-yards and naval stations, American--Haiti
  • African Americans--Washington (D.C.)
  • Exhibitions
  • Journalism
  • African Americans
  • Newspapers--Illustration
  • Civil rights
  • Political cartoons--19th century
  • Interest
  • Social problems
  • Families
  • Abolitionists--United States
  • Educational change
  • Madrigal comedians--Racism
  • African American newspapers--New York (State)--Rochester
  • Civil rights movement
  • Segregation in education
  • Racism
  • Fugitive slave law of 1850
  • Diplomatic and consular service, American
  • Deeds


  • Orators
  • Authors, Black
  • Social reformers
  • Authors
  • Slaves
  • United States marshals--Washington (D.C.)
  • Editors
  • Reformers
  • Journalists
  • Civil rights workers
  • Statesmen
  • Abolitionists
  • African American abolitionists
  • Diplomats


  • Talbot County, MD, US
  • United States, 00, US
  • Washington, D. C., DC, US
  • Republic of Haiti, 00, HT