Hayley, William, 1745-1820

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1745-11-09
Death 1820-11-12
English

Biographical notes:

English poet and biographer of Cowper.

From the description of Transcript of William Cowper's poem To Giovanni Battista Manso, Marquis of Villa, undated [ca. 1803?] (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 750522032

From the description of From manuscripts in Cowper's hand : transcripts of poems, undated [ca. 1798-1820]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 750468911

William Hayley was an English writer, best known as the friend and biographer of William Cowper. Hayley won the fame he enjoyed amongst his contemporaries by his poetical ESSAYS AND EPISTLES; a POETICAL EPISTLE TO AN EMINENT PAINTER (1780), addressed to his friend the painter George Romney. In 1800 Hayley also lost his natural son, Thomas Alphonso Hayley, to whom he was devotedly attached. He had been a pupil of John Flaxman's, to whom Hayley's ESSAY ON SCULPTURE (1800) is addressed. Flaxman introduced Hayley to William Blake who engraved the illustrations for the LIFE OF COWPER. This, Hayleys' best known work, was published in 1803-1804.

From the description of William Hayley collection, 1775-1819. (Peking University Library). WorldCat record id: 74216030

Poet and friend of Wm. Cowper.

From the description of Autograph letters (6) signed : [n.p.], to Walter Bagot, 1805 May 29-1806 Apr. 15 and [n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270474909

William Hayley, English poet and biographer. Among his more popular literary works was Triumphs of Temper (1781), an advice book in verse for women, which was among the works ridiculed by Byron in English Bards and Scotch Reviewers. A friend of William Cowper, Hayley's Life of Cowper was published in 1803.

From the description of William Hayley manuscript material : 2 items, 1792-1818 (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 301817270

English poet.

From the description of Autograph letters signed (13 retained drafts) : Felpham and [n.p.], to Sir Walter Scott, 1806 Feb. 1-1814 Jun. 9 and [n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270475008

From the description of Autograph letter signed with initials : Felham, to "My good Friends" [publishers or booksellers], 1817 Apr. 9. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270474443

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Felpham, to William Wilberforce, 1808 May 23. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270467999

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Felpham, to John Nichols, 1816 Apr. 7. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270467953

From the description of Autograph letter signed with initials : Felpham, to Joseph Cooper Walker, 1810 Feb. 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270474423

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Felpham, to Richard Polwhele, 1792 Jun. 11. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270467967

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Felpham, to "My dear Hebe" [Miss Mary Meyer], 1819 Jan. 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270467926

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Eartham, to Edmund Estcourt, 1797 Mar. 2. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270467721

From the description of Autograph letter signed with initials : Eartham, to George Romney, ca. 1792 Oct. 21. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270474414

From the description of Autograph letter in third person : Eartham, to the Duchess of Devonshire, 1797 Aug. 7. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269606173

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Felpham near Chchester, to Charles Simpson, executor of the estate of Anna Seward, 1809 Sept. 22. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270467989

From the description of To Mrs. Flaxman. In reply to a friendly & partial billet accompanying a most welcome present of sacred sketches by Flaxxman, June 7 1798 : Eartham : autograph poem unsigned, 1798. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270484608

From the description of Autograph letter signed with initials : Eartham, to John Howard, 1784 Jun. 16. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270474364

From the description of Sonnet to Mr. John Flaxman sculptor with a little copy of Milton Sept 1784 : Eartham : autograph manuscript unsigned, 1784 Sept. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270484111

From the description of Autograph letter signed with initials : Felpham, to Mr. Raimbach, 1807 Jul. 20-29. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270474386

From the description of Sonnet : [n.p.] : autograph manuscript signed, [n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270484105

Hayley was an English poet.

From the description of William Hayley letters from various correspondents, 1780-1817. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612708905

From the description of Additional letters from various correspondents, 1776-1817. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 79463924

From the guide to the Letters from various correspondents to William Hayley, 1780-1817., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

From the guide to the Additional letters from various correspondents, 1776-1817., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

Epithet: poet

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000750.0x000233

Hayley, William Hayley (1745-1820) was a poet and biographer. His first published work was an "Ode on the Birth of the Prince of Wales." He also wrote plays, which, however, were generally unsuccessful. As a result, Hayley concentrated on writing poetry, especially epitaphs, odes, and sonnets. Successful works include an Essay on Epic Poetry (1781), a didactic poem titled Triumphs of Temper (1781), and an anonymous Essay on Old Maids (3 vols., 1785). Ub 1790, he was offered the poet laureateship in 1790, which he turned down. He also offered friendship and patronage to writers such as George Romney, William Cowper, and William Blake. He died in 1820 of a bladder-stone, leaving his memoirs, written in the third person, which were published in 1823.

William Hodges (1744-1797) was a painter. At age fourteen, he was apprenticed to the landscape painter Richard Wilson. In 1772, he joined Captain James Cook as a draughtsman on Cook's second voyage to the south Pacific (1772-5), during which time he made sketches and paintings of the islands and indigenous people. On his return to England, he supervised the engraving of plates from his work as illustrations for Cook's official account, A voyage towards the south pole, and round the world: performed in his majesty's ships the Resolution and Adventure in the years 1772, 1773, 1774 and 1775 (1779). For the next two years, he continued to produce oil paintings for the Admiralty. In 1779 he travelled to India, where he remained for several years, eventually publishing several successful works with illustrations concerning his travels there. Hodges became an associate of the Royal Academy in 1786 and a Royal Academician in 1789. In 1795, following a setback, Hodges left the art profession to open a bank, which however failed shortly thereafter. He died in 1797 of fever and gout.

From the description of Epistles to William Hodges, R.A., [ca. 1797]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702175748

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Subjects:

  • Sonnets, English
  • Elopement--Fiction
  • Courtship--Drama
  • Poetry, English
  • Wives--Effect of husband's employment on--Fiction
  • Poems
  • Letters--19th century
  • Mistaken identity--Drama
  • Leander (Greek mythology)
  • English poetry--19th century
  • Epistolary fiction, English--19th century
  • Art. Illuminations and Drawings, English
  • Theater 19th century
  • Hero (Greek mythology)
  • Courtship--Fiction
  • Authors, English--18th century--Correspondence
  • Sonnets, Italian
  • Sonnets, French
  • Biographers--Correspondence
  • Letters--18th century
  • Epistolary poetry, English
  • Health--Poetry
  • Poets, English--18th century--Correspondence
  • Poets, English--Correspondence.
  • English drama (Tragedy)--19th century
  • English literature--19th century
  • English poetry--18th century
  • Military spouses--Fiction

Occupations:

  • Poets
  • Philanthropists

Places:

  • Plymouth, Devon (as recorded)
  • Ceylon, Asia (as recorded)
  • Ireland, Europe (as recorded)
  • Liskeard, Cornwall (as recorded)
  • Ireland, Europe (as recorded)
  • West Indies, America (as recorded)
  • South Bersted, Sussex (as recorded)
  • London, England (as recorded)
  • Hanau, Germany (as recorded)
  • East Dereham, Norfolk (as recorded)
  • Bangor, U.S.A (as recorded)
  • Ceylon, Asia (as recorded)
  • Italy, Europe (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Glasgow, Scotland (as recorded)
  • Rome, Italy (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Gloucestershire, England (as recorded)
  • Poyais, Central America (as recorded)
  • England (as recorded)
  • Canada, North America (as recorded)
  • Lee, Kent (as recorded)
  • Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire (as recorded)
  • Sunninghill, Berkshire (as recorded)
  • India (as recorded)
  • England (as recorded)
  • Ohio, North America (as recorded)
  • Acquigny, France (as recorded)