Horner, William E. (William Edmonds), 1793-1853

Alternative names
Birth 1793
Death 1853

Biographical notes:

Philadelphia anatomist.

From the description of ALS : Philadelphia, to an unidentified correspondent, 1825 June 16. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122626182

William Edmonds Horner, anatomist, was born on 3 June 1793 in Warrenton, Va., to William and Mary (Edmonds) Horner. On 26 Oct. 1820 he married Elizabeth Welsh of Philadelphia; they had 10 children. He died in Philadelphia on 13 March 1853. Horner studied medicine under John Spence and received his M.D. from the Medical Department of the University of Pennsylvania in 1814. During the War of 1812 Horner took time away from his studies to serve a commission as Surgeon's Mate in the U.S. Army. After the war ended, he moved permanently to Philadelphia. Horner spent his career at the University of Pennsylvania, where he held successive positions: Dissector (1816-1818), Demonstrator of Anatomy (1818-1820), Adjunct Professor of Anatomy (1820-1831), and Professor of Anatomy (1831-1853). An excellent anatomist, Horner is known for describing the tensor tarsi muscle (1824) and for amassing thousands of specimens for the anatomy museum at the University, which later became part of the Wistar Institute of Anatomy in Philadelphia. He also was a founder of St. Joseph's Hospital (1841). Horner's most notable writing was a Treatise on Pathological Anatomy (1829), the first American pathology textbook.

From the description of Lectures on physiology by Benjamin Rush, 1813. (College of Physicians of Philadelphia). WorldCat record id: 122417132

M.D., U. of Pennsylvania, (1814); faculty, Medical School, (1819-1852); Dean, Medical School, (1831-1852); Surgeon's Mate, U.S. Army, War of 1812; major contributor of specimens to museum of Wistar Institute; author of first textbook on pathology published in America.

From the description of Papers, 1821-1844. (University of Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 145429410

Professor of anatomy and dean of the medical department of the University of Pennsylvania.

From the description of Letter, 1839, Aug. 6 : Philadelphia, to Joseph B. Boyd, Cincinnati. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 35092015


Loading Relationships

Constellation Information

Ark ID:


  • Sympathy (Physiology)
  • Motion
  • Pulse
  • Lymphatics
  • Respiration
  • Excretion
  • Travel--19th century
  • Medicine, Military
  • Nervous system
  • Digestion
  • Physician and patient
  • Muscles
  • Glands
  • Circulation
  • Reproduction
  • Senses and sensation
  • Animal heat
  • Psychology
  • Nutrition
  • Physiology


  • Physicians--Diaries.--19th century


  • United States (as recorded)
  • Europe (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)