Russell, Bertrand, 1872-1970

Alternative names
Birth 1872-05-18
Death 1970-02-02

Biographical notes:

Russell was an English logician and philosopher. Marsh edited Russell's Logic and knowledge: essays 1901-1950 and wrote about Russell.

From the guide to the Letters to Robert C. (Robert Charles) Marsh, 1950-1959., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

Russell, British philosopher and mathematician and the 3rd Earl Russell.

From the description of [Letter, 19]44 Dec. 8, Trinity College, Cambridge [to] Dear Sir / Bertrand Russell. (Smith College). WorldCat record id: 352925804

Mathematician, critic, political activist, essayist, and public figure, Bertrand Russell was one of the central philosophical thinkers of the 20th century. Throughout his unusually long and productive life, he remained a controversial figure capable of inspiring great loyalty and sincere antagonism. His ideas helped shape the 20th century, and his methodology will guide the thinkers who impact future generations.

From the description of Bertrand Russell letter to Colonel Minnigerode, 1927 Dec. 29. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 51590005

From the description of Bertrand Russell letters and typescript, 1940-1964. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 56194021

Bertrand Arthur William Russell (1872-1970), 3rd Earl Russell, was a philosopher and social reformer. The photocopies include material relating to women's suffrage, Russell stood for Parliament in Wimbledon as women's suffrage candidate in 1917.

From the guide to the Photocopies of the correspondence of Bertrand Russell, 3rd Earl Russell, 1904-25, (University of Oxford, Bodleian Library)

English philosopher.

From the description of Capitalism or what? : AMs, [1925 Dec. 5] / by Bertrand Russell. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122586088

From the description of Letters, 1923-1962. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122626276

Russell was an English logician and philosopher; Marsh edited Russell's Logic and knowledge: essays 1901-1950 and wrote about Russell.

From the description of Letters to Robert C. (Robert Charles) Marsh, 1950-1959. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 83717640

Bertrand Russell, 1872-1970, was the third son of Lord John Russell (1792-1878), who twice served as Prime Minister (1846-1852 and 1865-1866). His parents died when he was very young and he was brought up by his grandmother. He entered Trinity College, Cambridge and obtained a first-class honours degree in mathematics and philosophy. He became a Fellow of the college in 1895. A visit to Berlin after university led to his first book 'German Social Democracy' (1896). In 1907 a group of male supporters of votes for women formed the Men's League for Women's Suffrage. Bertrand Russell joined and stood unsuccessfully as a Suffragist candidate at a parliamentary by-election at Wimbledon. Russell was also a member of the Fabian Society. After the outbreak of the First World War Russell helped form the No-Conscription Fellowship (NCF), an organisation that planned to campaign against the introduction of conscription. Russell's activities in the the NCF resulted in him being sacked from his post as a lecturer at Cambridge University. Russell was also the editor of the NCF journal "Tribunal". Russell wrote an article in January 1918 criticising the American Army for strike-breaking. Russell was arrested and charged with making statements 'likely to prejudice His Majesty's relations with the United States of America'. He was found guilty and sentenced to six months in Brixton Prison. In 1931 Bertrand succeeded his elder brother as 3rd Earl of Russell. He used the forum of the House of Lords to promote his views on pacifism. Russell ceased to be a pacifist in the late 1930s with the rise of Hitler in Germany. Russell was rewarded with the restoration of his fellowship at Cambridge University. In 1950 Russell was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. Russell became increasing concerned about the major powers producing nuclear weapons and in 1958 helped form The Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament. His publications include: 'The Principles of Mathematics' (1903); 'Principia Mathematica' (1910); 'Theory and Practice of Bolshevism' (1919); 'An Enquiry into Meaning and Truth' (1940); 'History of Western Philosophy' (1945); 'Human Knowledge: Its scope and limits' (1948); 'Why I am not a Christian' (1957).

Alys Pearsall Smith, 1867-1951, was an American Quaker who worked for the temperance cause. She was the first of Bertrand Russell's four wives. Pearsall Smith married Russell in 1894, despite opposition from both their families. They separated in 1911 and divorced in 1921. She then lived in Chelsea, London, with her brother the writer Logan Pearsall Smith (1865-1946).

From the guide to the RUSSELL, Alys, 1867-1951, and RUSSELL, Bertrand Arthur William, 1872-1970, 3rd Earl Russell, philosopher, 1895, (British Library of Political and Economic Science)


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