Homer, Winslow, 1836-1910

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1836-02-24
Death 1910-09-29
Americans

Biographical notes:

Winslow Homer was born in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1836. He was raised in Cambridge, where he developed a love of art and the outdoors. At the age of 19 he began his career as an illustrator, apprenticing at the J.H. Bufford lithographic firm in Boston. He then decided to become a freelance illustrator. In 1859 Homer moved to New York to work for Harper's Weekly, serving as artist-correspondent for the magazine during the Civil War. After taking some art classes at the National Academy of Design, he decided to focus on oil painting. He quickly gained international recognition as a painter, and in 1866 made his first trip to Europe. In 1873 he decided to work in watercolor and found great success in his experimentation with light and color in this medium. In the mid-1880s Homer moved permanently to Prout's Neck, Maine, an isolated area where he built a studio and focused his paintings on man's struggle with nature. Also during the 1880s he worked on a series of etchings based on his paintings. Homer continued to paint for the next twenty years, vacationing summers in places such as the Adirondacks and the Bahamas to capture varied landscapes, until his death in 1910.

From the guide to the Winslow Homer collection, 1863, 1877-1945, (Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution)

Winslow Homer (1836-1910) was a painter and illustrator from Prouts Neck, Me.

From the description of Winslow Homer collection, 1877-1945. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 220236252

From the description of Winslow Homer collection, 1863, 1877-1945. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 657036846

From the description of Winslow Homer collection, 1863-1945. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 744425285

Winslow Homer (1836-1910) was a painter and illustrator from Prouts Neck, Me. M. Knoedler & Company (est. 1857) is an art gallery and dealer in New York, N.Y.

From the description of Winslow Homer letters to M. Knoedler & Company, 1900-1904. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 646402681

19th century American artist.

From the description of Correspondence, 1899 March 26. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 62874211

Nationality: American.

From the description of Undertow [electronic resource]. 1886. (Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute). WorldCat record id: 222503294

American artist.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Scarboro, Maine, to W.S. Howard, 1894 Jan. 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269535743

American painter.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : New York, to Mr. Clark, 1871 Apr. 18. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269532501

Painter, illustrator; New York, N.Y. and Prouts Neck, Me.

Illustrator for Harper's Weekly; artist-correspondent during Civil War; moved to Prouts Neck, Me., 1884.

From the description of Winslow Homer and Homer family papers from the Bowdoin College Museum of Art, 1846-1954. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 767864307

Painter, illustrator; New York, N.Y. and Prouts Neck, Me.

Illustrator for Harper's Weekly; artist-correspondent during Civil War; moved to Prouts Neck, Me., 1884.

From the description of Winslow Homer and Homer family papers, 1846-1954. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122333431

Painter.

Acknowledged today as one of the world's greatest watercolorists, Winslow Homer grew up in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and was apprenticed in his teens to a lithographer in Boston. In 1855 he moved to New York City and attended the National Academy of Design. During this period he made his living as an illustrator for various magazines, chiefly Harper's Weekly, for whom he served as a pictorial correspondent during the Civil War, participating in several Union campaigns.

At about this same time, Homer began painting in oils. Homer achieved success as an illustrator through his ability to draw quickly and accurately. His sense of the dramatic and direct narrative style carried over into his later paintings. In the 1880s he turned to marine subjects and eventually settled in Maine, where he spent most of the remainder of his life. White Rowboat was inspired by Homer's 1890 vacation to Florida.

From the description of Florida paintings, 1885-1904. (University of Florida). WorldCat record id: 50256072

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Subjects:

  • Bunker Hill, Battle of, Boston, Mass., 1775
  • Table
  • Women
  • Houses
  • Artists--Correspondence
  • Children
  • Chinese Americans
  • Interior spaces
  • Doors
  • Hats
  • Lamps
  • Corn
  • Swimming
  • Storks
  • Nuts
  • Painters
  • Work
  • Prints, American--19th century
  • Winter
  • Relaxation
  • Waterfalls
  • Rocks
  • Painters--Maine
  • Mountaineering
  • Rescue
  • mountains,
  • Scales (weighing instruments)
  • Boys
  • Sailors
  • Paths
  • Stores
  • Wood
  • Hiking
  • Beds
  • Forests
  • Art, American
  • Storms
  • Farms
  • Night
  • Baskets
  • Art--American (?)--Reproductions
  • Girls
  • Nannies
  • Porches
  • Parasols
  • Country life
  • Courtship
  • Tents
  • Roof
  • Hammocks
  • Newspapers
  • Figures--Male
  • Art--Collectors and collecting
  • Wetland
  • Birds
  • Lifeguards
  • Farming
  • Art galleries, Commercial
  • Gulls
  • Painting, American--19th century
  • Shipyards
  • Trees
  • Play
  • Shipbuilding
  • Battles
  • Chestnut
  • Fires
  • Smoke
  • Transportation
  • Harvesting
  • Sowing
  • Three-quarter views
  • Clouds
  • Waves
  • Fishermen
  • Horses
  • Painting, American
  • Sea
  • Farmers
  • Art dealers
  • Ocean
  • Snow
  • Bird Songs
  • Leisure
  • Ships
  • Walking
  • Men
  • Outdoor recreation
  • Plowing
  • Toys
  • Figures--Female
  • Animals
  • Shopkeeper
  • Illustrators
  • Pails
  • Artists--Autographs
  • Drowning
  • Cornstalks
  • Pumpkins
  • Barrels
  • Bathing suits
  • Seascapes
  • Wagons
  • Clambakes
  • Labor
  • Beaches

Occupations:

  • Artists

Places:

  • Maine (as recorded)
  • Long Branch (N.J.) (as recorded)
  • Gloucester (Mass.) (as recorded)
  • Long Branch (N.J.) (as recorded)
  • Maine--Prout's Neck (as recorded)
  • Massachusetts (as recorded)
  • Illinois--Chicago (as recorded)
  • Maine--Prout's Neck (as recorded)
  • Catskill Mountains (N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • Maine (as recorded)
  • Maine (as recorded)
  • Florida--12000 (as recorded)
  • New York (State)--New York (as recorded)
  • Boston (Mass.) (as recorded)
  • New York (N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • Copp's Hill (Boston, Mass.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Florida--Tampa (as recorded)
  • Moon (as recorded)
  • Gloucester (Mass.) (as recorded)
  • Massachusetts (as recorded)
  • Florida (as recorded)
  • Maine (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • New England (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Massachusetts (as recorded)
  • Maine--Prout's Neck (as recorded)