Mansfield, Joseph K. F. (Joseph King Fenno), 1803-1862

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1803-12-22
Death 1862-09-18
Americans
English

Biographical notes:

American army officer.

From the description of Autograph despatch signed, in pencil : [n.p.], to General Wool, 1862 Mar. 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270605250

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Suffolk, Va., to Brig. Gen. Totten, 1862 June 18. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270607555

Army officer.

From the description of Papers of Joseph K. F. Mansfield, 1853-1862. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79455446

Joseph King Fenno Mansfield was born in New Haven, Conn. in 1803. In the Mexican War, he served as Chief Engineer under General Zachary Taylor. From 1848-1853, he served on the Board of Engineers which was charged with the task of planning the defense of both coasts. In 1853, he was appointed Inspector General by Secretary of War, Jefferson Davis. Working in this capacity, Mansfield inspected the Dept. of New Mexico in 1853, as well as the Departments of California, Texas, and Oregon in later years. Mansfield died leading the Twelfth Army Corps of the Army of the Potomac into battle at Antietam, Maryland in 1862.

From the description of Report, 1853. (University of New Mexico-Main Campus). WorldCat record id: 46867262

According to Darlis A. Miller, the frontier army played a significant role in "furthering the development and settlement of the American Southwest. Its primary task was to subdue hostile Indians, but it also built roads, guarded railroad construction crews, aided destitute farmers, and provided markets for local crops and materials. Such success as the army enjoyed in carrying out these duties can be attributed in part to a small group of officers assigned to the inspector general's department." This department was established in 1813 and was assigned the task of investigating "all matters affecting the efficiency, discipline, and welfare of the Army." Army inspectors, working under the supervision of this department, reported on numerous topics, including local peoples, towns, crops, politics, and the condition of army commands. It is within this context that Joseph King Fenno Mansfield's contributions are significant.

Joseph King Fenno Mansfield was born in New Haven, Connecticut in 1803. In the Mexican War, he served as Chief Engineer under General Zachary Taylor. As such, he constructed and defended Fort Brown in Texas. From 1848-1853, he served on the Board of Engineers which was charged with the task of planning the defense of both coasts. In 1853, he was appointed Inspector General by Secretary of War, Jefferson Davis. Working in this capacity, Mansfield inspected the Department of New Mexico in 1853, as well as the Departments of California, Texas, and Oregon in later years. Mansfield died leading the Twelfth Army Corps of the Army of the Potomac into battle at Antietam, Maryland in 1862.

From the guide to the Joseph K. F. Mansfield Report, 1853, (University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research.)

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Permalink:
http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6223hrb
Ark ID:
w6223hrb
SNAC ID:
1687461

Subjects:

  • Ute Indians--History
  • Fortification--Inspection--New Mexico--19th century
  • Fortification--Inspection--19th century
  • Navajo Indians--History
  • Indians of North America--Government relations
  • Buena Vista, Battle of, Mexico, 1847
  • Indians of North America--Southwest, New--Government relations
  • Antietam, Battle of, Md., 1862
  • Fortification--Inspection--Texas--19th century
  • Apache Indians--History

Occupations:

not available for this record

Places:

  • Fort Marcy (N.M.) (as recorded)
  • Fort Defiance (Ariz.) (as recorded)
  • Southwest, New (as recorded)
  • Fort Fillmore Site (N.M.) (as recorded)
  • Fort Union (N.M.) (as recorded)
  • Fort Filmore Site (N.M.) (as recorded)
  • Fort Union (N.M.) (as recorded)
  • Fort Defiance (Ariz.) (as recorded)
  • New Mexico (as recorded)
  • Texas (as recorded)
  • New Mexico (as recorded)
  • Fort Conrad (N.M.) (as recorded)
  • Texas (as recorded)
  • Fort Conrad (N.M.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Fort Marcy (N.M.) (as recorded)