Cushing, Caleb, 1800-1879

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1800-01-17
Death 1879-01-02
Americans
English

Biographical notes:

Cushing served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1835- 1843, and as special U.S. Envoy to China from 1843-1845. His career also included a term as U.S. Attorney General from 1852-1857.

From the description of Letters to Thomas Mayo Brewer and Henry Vose, 1843, 1858. (Harvard Law School Library). WorldCat record id: 234342903

U.S cabinet official and representative from Massachusetts, army officer, diplomat, and lawyer.

From the description of Caleb Cushing papers, circa 1785-1906 (bulk 1820-1878). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980054

Chastain was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Georgia.

From the guide to the Letter to Caleb Cushing, 1854, (L. Tom Perry Special Collections)

U. S. Attorney General in 1857 during James Buchanan's presidency.

From the description of Judicial appointements, 1857, March 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 145430267

Epithet: General; USA Minister to Spain

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000987.0x00006e

American statesman.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : "House of Representatives," to Messrs. Gales and Seaton, 1835 Dec. 14. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270519999

American lawyer and diplomat.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Washington, D.C., to the Rev. John Pierpont, 1839 Feb. 4. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270531010

From the description of Autograph letter signed : [Washington], to James Guthrie, 1857 Jan. 2. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270530763

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Newburyport, Mass., to Thomas J. Durant, 1877 Nov. 17. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270525922

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Washington, to T.J. Durant, 1871 Aug. 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270531003

Attorney, politician, diplomat, and U.S. Attorney General Caleb Cushing (1800-1879) was born in Salisbury, Massachusetts, to John Newmarch Cushing and Lydia Dow. After graduating from Harvard University in 1817, he studied and practiced law in Newburyport. In 1824, Cushing married Caroline Elizabeth Wilde. A year later, he was elected to the Massachusetts Legislature and the U.S. Congress in 1834. Cushing was appointed as the U.S. Ambassador to China in 1845, was as a colonel in the U.S. Army during the Mexican War, and became an associate justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Court in 1852. During the presidency of Franklin Pierce, he served as the Attorney General of the United States from 1854 to 1857. After Cushing’s nomination to Chief Justice of the United States failed, he served as the Minister to Spain from 1874 to 1877.

Source: “Cushing, Caleb.” Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 5, 2011. http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=D001016.

From the guide to the Caleb Cushing Letter 2011-207., undated, (Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, University of Texas at Austin)

Biographical Note

  • 1800, Jan. 17: Born, Salisbury, Essex County, Mass.
  • 1817: Graduated, Harvard University,Cambridge, Mass.
  • 1820 - 1821 : Tutored mathematics, Harvard University,Cambridge, Mass.
  • 1821: Newburyport, Mass. Newburyport Admitted to bar and commenced practice of law, Newburyport, Mass. Edited local newspaper Began contributing to North American Review
  • 1824: Elected representative to Massachusetts general court Married Caroline Elizabeth Wilde (died 1832)
  • 1825: Elected Massachusetts state senator
  • 1829 - 1830 : England England Lac England England Tungland England Cemetery England Number 3 Dam England Ridge England Creek HVDC Quebec-New England - Des Cantons Grounding Electrode England Brothers Number 1 Dam England Branch England Mine New England Park Kampunglandeuh Langland Koringlandskloof Nglandean England Run Veterinary Clinic Springland Longlands Kessingland New England Hall New England Mine France Republic of France Spain Kingdom of Spain Traveled to England,France, and Spain
  • 1834 - 1842 : U.S. United States Massachusetts Massachusetts U.S. representative from Massachusetts,Whig party
  • 1843: Nominated three times as secretary of the treasury but rejected by the Senate
  • 1843 - 1844 : Commissioner to China; negotiated Treaty of Wang Hiya
  • 1846: Great Lakes region Great Lakes Region - 2-digit Hydrologic Unit Code - 04 St. Croix River Traveled to Great Lakes region and along St. Croix River Reelected representative to Massachusetts general court
  • 1847 - 1848 : Brigadier general, Mexican War
  • 1850: Reelected representative to Massachusetts general court
  • 1851: Elected first mayor of Newburyport, Mass.
  • 1852: Appointed associate justice, Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts
  • 1853 - 1857 : Attorney general of the United States
  • 1857: Reelected representative to Massachusetts general court
  • 1860: Named permanent president of the National Democratic Convention,Charleston, S.C.
  • 1860: Sent as President James Buchanan's personal representative to Charleston, S.C., to delay passing of ordnance of secession
  • 1865 - 1870 : Counsel for the United States before the British and American Joint Commission to settle claims by the Hudson's Bay and Puget's Sound companies
  • 1868: Colombia Republic of Colombia Isthmus of Panama Isthmus of Panama Special Minister to Colombia to negotiate a treaty regarding a canal across Isthmus of Panama Appointed agent and counsel by the Mexican government to present claims before the Mexican-American Claims Commission
  • 1871: Appointed counsel for the United States,Geneva Tribunal of Arbitration
  • 1873 - 1877 : Minister to Spain
  • 1879, Jan. 2: Died, Newburyport, Mass.

From the guide to the Caleb Cushing Papers, circa 1785-1906, (bulk 1820-1878), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

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Subjects:

  • Lawyers
  • Smithsonian Building
  • Smithsonian Institution
  • Oregon
  • Politicians
  • Political parties--United States
  • United States--History--1849-1877
  • Politics, Government, and Law
  • Smithsonian Library
  • Letters
  • Land speculation
  • Attorneys general--Correspondence
  • Land titles
  • Canals
  • Smithsonian Board Of Regents
  • Medical colleges
  • Legislators
  • Travel
  • Smithsonian Exchange
  • Explorers
  • Legislators--United States--History--19th century--Correspondence
  • Mexican War, 1846-1848
  • Civil Procedure and Courts
  • Canals--Panama
  • Land tenure
  • Light House Board
  • Diplomatic and consular service, American
  • Political parties

Occupations:

  • Diplomats
  • Lawyers
  • Cabinet officers
  • Representatives, U.S.--Massachusetts
  • Army officers

Places:

  • China (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Massachusetts (as recorded)
  • Mexico (as recorded)
  • Massachusetts (as recorded)
  • Spain (as recorded)
  • Spain (as recorded)
  • California--Benicia (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Colombia (as recorded)
  • Massachusetts (as recorded)
  • Panama Canal (Panama) (as recorded)
  • Mexico (as recorded)
  • Massachusetts (as recorded)
  • Colombia (as recorded)
  • Newburyport (Mass.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Bilbao, Spain (as recorded)
  • Southwark, Surrey (as recorded)
  • China (as recorded)
  • Panama Canal (Panama) (as recorded)
  • Saint Croix River Valley (Wis. and Minn.) (as recorded)
  • Newburyport (Mass.) (as recorded)
  • Wisconsin (as recorded)
  • Benicia (Calif.) (as recorded)
  • Panama (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)
  • Utah (as recorded)
  • Northwest, Pacific (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Newburyport (Mass.) (as recorded)
  • Great Britain (as recorded)