Croghan, George, 1720?-1782

Alternative names
Birth 1720
Death 1782-08-31

Biographical notes:

Indian agent and public official.

From the description of Papers of George Croghan, 1768. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71064125

According to Mr. Julian F. Boyd, Librarian of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, who viewed this document on October 1, 1938, with Mr. Carl Van Doren, this is am accurate, clerk's copy of the original minutes of the conference, corrected in the handwriting of Mr. Richard Peters, Secretary of the conference.

From the description of Minutes of conferences held at Fort Pitt, 1760. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 67615587

Indian trader, agent, and land speculator.

From the description of George Croghan correspondence, 1754-1775. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79449690

Croghan was a merchant and land speculator in colonial America who developed good relationships with various Indian tribes and negotiated treaties with them.

From the description of Report, January 16, 1767. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 569523762

Croghan was born in Ireland and migrated to Pennsylvania in 1741. He went into business as an Indian trader and served as deputy superintendent of Indian affairs from 1756 to 1772. In that post he conducted a number of important negotiations, including that leading to the Treaty of Fort Stanwix, by which in 1768 the Iroquois granted a tract of land in West Virginia to the Indiana Company, a group of merchants seeking compensation for losses suffered during the French and Indian War and Indian uprisings.

From the description of Bond and agreement, 1769 Apr. 8, with William Buchannan. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122489341

George Croghan, Indian trader, agent, and land speculator, was raised in Ireland and emigrated to Pennsylvania in 1741.

For the next fifteen years, Croghan's home near Carlisle was the base for his trading operations throughout the upper Ohio country where he also became the leading English agent. In 1756 Sir William Johnson appointed Croghan deputy superintendent of Indian affairs for the western tribes. As such he conducted many important negotiations with the northeastern tribes and played a prominent role in the treaty of Fort Stanwix, 1768. Croghan was also sent on a mission by Johnson and General Thomas Gage in 1766 to open up the Illinois country to English occupation. Throughout this period Croghan was engaged in land speculation and involved in the formation of several land companies. However, the outbreak of the Revolution wrecked his extensive operations and his last years were spent in poverty.

From the description of George Croghan letters, 1763-1770. (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 36846338


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  • Mohegan Indians
  • Wyandot Indians
  • Manuscripts, American
  • Munsee Indians
  • Indian agents--Correspondence
  • Indians of North America--Government relations
  • Indians of North America
  • Fur trade
  • Indians of North America--Treaties--History--18th century--Sources
  • Pioneers--Diaries
  • Delaware Indians
  • Iroquois Indians
  • Indians of North America--Government relations--To 1789--Sources
  • Miami Indians
  • Shawnee Indians--History--18th century--Sources
  • Shawnee Indians
  • Diaries
  • Iroquois Indians--Land transfers
  • Indians of North America--Land transfers
  • Frontier and pioneer life
  • Indians of North America--Government relations--to 1789
  • Indians of North America--History--18th century--Sources
  • Land companies--History--18th century--Sources
  • Iroquois Indians--History--18th century--Sources
  • Illinois Indians
  • Indian traders--Correspondence


  • Indian agents--Pennsylvania
  • Land speculators
  • Indian agents
  • Public officials--Pennsylvania
  • Indian traders
  • Agents


  • Middle West (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Fort Stanwix (Rome, N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • Illinois (as recorded)
  • Fort Pitt (Pa.) (as recorded)
  • West Virginia (as recorded)
  • Northwest, Old (as recorded)
  • Pennsylvania (as recorded)
  • Ohio River Valley (as recorded)
  • Northwest, Old (as recorded)
  • Pennsylvania (as recorded)
  • Northwest, Old (as recorded)
  • Northeastern States (as recorded)
  • Fort Pitt (Pa.) (as recorded)
  • Fort Pitt (Pa.) (as recorded)
  • Pennsylvania (as recorded)
  • Ohio (as recorded)
  • Ohio River Valley (as recorded)