Hough, Franklin Benjamin, 1822-1885

Alternative names
Birth 1822-07-20
Death 1885-06-11

Biographical notes:

Franklin B. Hough was born in Martinsburg, NY in 1822. He studied medicine and practiced in Somerville, NY from 1848 to 1852. He is described as a "pioneer historian of counties in New York State" and an advocate of forest conservation. In 1855 and 1865, he was Superintendent of the State Census for New York and was also involved in the 1875 census. He was one of seven Commissioners of Parks in New York in 1872 and in 1876 he became a Forestry Agent in the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture. He published several reports on forest management and spoke out tirelessly on the subject. He died at his home in Lowville, NY, June 11, 1885.

From the description of The book of Franklin B. Hough : containing the accounts of Gustavus Academy ; containing also subsequent accounts of J.B. Hough. 1844-1852. (Saint James Parish Library). WorldCat record id: 33823083

Physician, forester, and historian.

From the description of Franklin Benjamin Hough papers, 1875-1878 (Detroit Public Library). WorldCat record id: 435488722

Franklin Benjamin Hough (1822-1885) was the first physician in Lewis County, New York; forest commissioner, USDA, from 1876-1881, and the chief of the Division of Forestry, USDA, from 1881-1883.

From the description of Franklin Benjamin Hough papers manuscripts, 1870-1884, 1876-1877. (National Agricultural Library). WorldCat record id: 643566796

Physician, scientist, historian, statistician and "father of American forestry." Born in Martinsburg N.Y. July 20, 1822, Hough graduated from Union College in 1843. He was an active researcher and collector of New York State History, directed the 1855 and 1865 New York State Censuses and the 1870 U.S. Census. Hough was extremely active in making known the depletion of American forests and in 1885 drafted the law that led to the preservation of the Adirondack forest. He frequently spoke on forest preservation issues and was the author of a number of reports on the subject. Hough died on June 11, 1885 in Lowville, N.Y.

From the description of Papers, 1840-1885. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122486901


Hough was the author of histories of Jefferson, Lewis, and St. Lawrence Counties.

From the description of Hough, Franklin B papers, 1852-1862. (New York State Historical Documents). WorldCat record id: 155436506

Physician, historian, forester.

Native of Lewis County; graduate of Union College. Hough was a physician with 97th New York State Volunteers in Civil War; historian, serving as New York State historian; and a forester, known as Father of American Forestry.

From the description of Papers, 1813-1976, 1837-1885 (bulk). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155470782


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  • Medicine--Formulae, receipts, prescriptions
  • American Assoc. For The Advancement Of Science (+ Aagn Etc.)
  • Physical geography
  • Geology
  • Smithsonian Library
  • Natural history
  • Civil war
  • Albany Institute
  • Meteorology--New York (State)
  • Smithsonian Board Of Regents
  • Ethnology Archaeology Anthropology
  • Meteorology
  • Mineralogy
  • Materia medica
  • Bull Run, 2nd Battle, 1862
  • Indians
  • Astronomy
  • Forestry law and legislation
  • Recommendations For Positions
  • Magnetism, Terrestrial
  • Albany, New York
  • Scientific publications
  • Smithsonian Exchange
  • Smithsonian Weather Service
  • Cemeteries
  • Forest surveys
  • Forests and forestry
  • Families
  • Meteorology--Charts, diagrams, etc
  • Smithsonian Institution
  • Smithsonian Publications
  • Forest conservation
  • Dwellings
  • Universities and colleges--History
  • Education
  • Education, higher
  • Exchanges Of Publications
  • Travel
  • Account books
  • Divers


  • Physicians
  • Forester


  • Adirondack Forest Preserve (N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Saint Lawrence County (N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • Franklin County (N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Lewis County (N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • Lowville (N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • Lewis County (N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • New York (State)--Lowville (as recorded)
  • New York (State)--Lewis County (as recorded)
  • Jefferson County (N.Y.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)