Lindbergh, Charles A. (Charles Augustus), 1902-1974

Alternative names
Birth 1902-02-04
Death 1974-08-26

Biographical notes:

George Washington Corner worked as an anatomist, endocrinologist, and medical historian.

From the guide to the George Washington Corner papers, 1889-1981, 1903-1982, (American Philosophical Society)

American aviator and author.

From the description of Letter, 1927. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 145435312

Lindbergh achieved fame by flying "The Spirit of St. Louis" nonstop from Long Island to Paris in 1927. Within 2 years, he took "The Spirit" on several promotional flights around the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Islands. Auburn University history professor Wesley P. Newton corresponded with Lindbergh about these promotional flights while researching his book, "The Perilous Sky," published in 1978.

From the description of Letters, 1970-1971. (Auburn University). WorldCat record id: 38292601

American aviator. Made first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean on May 20-21, 1927.

From the description of Autographs, 19??. (Denver Public Library). WorldCat record id: 55151968

Aviator and engineer.

From the description of Papers of Charles A. Lindbergh, 1968-1972. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71073413

Aviator and U.S. Air Force officer.

From the description of Charles A. Lindbergh Spirit of St. Louis collection, 1927-1969. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71132190

Epithet: aviator

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000443.0x000071

Lindbergh, known for his pioneering trans-Atlantic flight in 1927, had previously flown air mail between Chicago, Peoria, Springfield, and St. Louis.

From the description of Miscellaneous, July-August 1927. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 443082367

Purchased the Spirit of St. Louis, Feb. 1927; flew the Spirit of St. Louis from San Diego to N.Y.C., May 1927; flew non-stop N.Y.C. to Paris, May 20, 1927; Director of Pan Am World Airways.

From the description of Charles Augustus Lindbergh papers, 1830-1987 (inclusive), 1911-1974 (bulk). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702156591

Biographical Note

  • 1902, Feb. 4: Born, Detroit, Mich.
  • 1920 - 1922 : Attended University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wis.
  • 1922 - 1924 : Attended Flying School, Lincoln, Nebr.
  • 1923: First solo flight
  • 1924 - 1925 : United States Army Flying School, Brooks Field, San Antonio, Tex., graduated first in his class and commissioned second lieutenant, United States Army Air Service Reserve
  • 1926: Airmail pilot, St. Louis, Mo.-Chicago, Ill.
  • 1927: Purchased The Spirit of St. Louis Flew The Spirit of St. Louis from San Diego, Calif., to New York, N.Y., and established new speed record Flew first transatlantic flight in The Spirit of St. Louis from Roosevelt Field, Long Island, N.Y., to Paris, France
  • 1927: Flew nonstop from Washington, D.C. to Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1929: Married Anne Spencer Morrow
  • 1932: Son, Charles A. Lindbergh III, kidnapped and murdered; resulted in passage of the Lindbergh Act by Congress
  • 1935 - 1939 : Moved to England to avoid publicity
  • 1941 - 1945 : Spoke out against World War II
  • 1949: Awarded Congressional Medal of Honor and other national and international awards
  • 1954: Awarded the Pulitzer Prize for The Spirit of St. Louis
  • 1974, Aug. 26: Died, Kipahulu, Maui, Hawaii

From the guide to the Charles A. Lindbergh Spirit of St. Louis Collection, 1927-1969, (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Ola Månsson was born in Sweden on May 12, 1808. His first wife was Ingar [or Ingred] Jonsdottir, with whom he had seven children: Jons, Mons, Pehr [Perry], August, Nels, Ingred, and Hannah. Månsson was the farmer-landowner of Gardlosa, a farm outside the parish of Smedstorp, Sweden. Månsson was also a prominent member of the Farmer's Estate of the Swedish Parliament, a loan officer of a regional bank, and secretary (1847-1858) to King Carl XV of Sweden. In 1858 Månsson was tried in the Swedish court on accusations of embezzlement of money from the bank at which he was a loan officer. After the trial, Ola Månsson, Lovisa Galen [transcribed variously as Louisa or Louise and Carlin, Carleen, or Carline], and her infant son, Carl, immigrated to the United States. When they immigrated, Ola Månsson changed his name to August Lindbergh and changed the family surname to Lindbergh as well. The infant's name was changed to Charles August Lindbergh. Two of Månsson's sons by his first marriage, Mons and Pehr, who stayed in Sweden attending the University of Lund, also changed their surname to Lindbergh. About 1862 sons Mons, Pehr, and August immigrated to the United States. Ingar Jonsdottir remained in Smedstorp; she died in 1864. August and Louise came to the Sauk Valley (Stearns County, Minnesota) in 1859, settling in Melrose, and were married in St. Cloud on September 15, 1885. August and Louise had seven children: Charles August,Victor Eugene, Louisa Ellen, Lillian May, Juno [later recorded as June], Pauline, Linda, and Frank Albert; all except Charles were born in Minnesota. August Lindbergh died in Little Falls, Minnesota on October 14, 1893; Louise Lindbergh died on April 22, 1921.

Charles August Lindbergh was born in Stockholm, Sweden on January 20, 1859, the eldest of the seven children of August and Louise Lindbergh. Charles Lindbergh graduated from the University of Michigan Law School in 1883. Following his graduation he practiced law in Little Falls, Minnesota until 1909 when he was elected to Congress from the sixth congressional district. He held this seat through 1916. Lindbergh was elected on the Republican ticket and soon became one of the leaders of the progressive Republicans in Congress. His activities as a member of this group included the attempt to unseat Joseph Cannon as Speaker of the House; the investigation of the "money trust"; opposition to the reciprocal trade policies of the Taft administration; and opposition to the Wilson administration’s attempts to aid the allies during the first years of World War I. Lindbergh's main concern, however, was the monetary policies of both Republican and Democratic administrations.

Lindbergh ran, and was defeated, in several subsequent elections: 1916 (United States Senate), 1918 (governor of Minnesota), 1920 (Congress), 1923 (special United States Senate election), and 1924 (governor of Minnesota) during which campaign he died. In the 1910s and 1920s, Lindbergh began a number of political magazines and newspapers, all of which failed. One paper of note was called the Lindbergh National Farmer . Books and pamphlets written by Lindbergh, which were widely distributed, include Why Is Your Country at War?, The Economic Pinch, and Who and What Caused the Panic? His anti-war writings and speeches during World War I caused him to be branded as a traitor and affected the outcome of the 1918 gubernatorial election. At the time, Lindbergh was prevented from speaking in many parts of the state and was opposed by many powerful public opinion forming agencies in the state.

Following his congressional career, Lindbergh maintained law offices in Little Falls and Minneapolis, Minnesota but much of his time was devoted to politics, to writing, and to real estate ventures in Florida and Minnesota. Lindbergh represented a number of individuals living in the eastern United States who owned real estate in Minnesota. He made real estate investments of his own in Florida.

In 1887 Charles A. Lindbergh married Mary LaFond, daughter of Moses LaFond, a prominent man in Little Falls. Together they had two daughters, Lillian and Eva. Mary LaFond Lindbergh died in 1898. In 1901 Charles married Evangeline Lodge Land, daughter of C.H. Land of Detroit, Michigan. Charles Augustus Lindbergh was their only child. Charles August Lindbergh died in Crookston, Minnesota on May 24, 1924; Evangeline Lodge Land Lindbergh died in 1954.

Charles Augustus Lindbergh was born in Detroit, Michigan in 1902 to Charles August and Evangeline Lodge Land Lindbergh. He grew up in Little Falls, Minnesota where he graduated from high school in 1918. Lindbergh attended the University of Wisconsin's school of mechanical engineering (1920-1922) and the Lincoln, Nebraska flying school (1922). He enlisted in the Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) (1921) and served as a cadet in the United States Army Air Service (1924-1925). During the period preceding his historic 1927 flight across the Atlantic Ocean, he was an airmail pilot flying the route between St. Louis, Missouri and Chicago, Illinois.

On May 20-21, 1927 he made the historic nonstop solo flight from New York to Paris, France. Following that event he was a recipient of many honors from the United States and many foreign governments and was hailed worldwide as a hero. He was made a director of Pan American World Airways and would become a colonel in the Missouri National Guard. During one of his many goodwill tours to popularize air travel he met Anne Spencer Morrow, the daughter of industrialist and United States ambassador to Mexico, Dwight Morrow. Charles and Anne were married in 1929. Together they had six children: Charles Augustus, Jon, Land, Anne, Scott, and Reeve. Their first child, Charles, was kidnapped and murdered in 1932. In 1935 Charles and Anne Lindbergh left the United States; living in England, France, and Switzerland. The family returned in 1939, moving first to Michigan, then New York, and eventually settling in Connecticut.

While living abroad, Lindbergh made trips to Germany to study German rearmament and received honors from the Nazi government. He was also involved with the French scientist Dr. Alexis Carrel, inventor of an artificial heart. Lindbergh returned to America deeply involved in the conflict between isolationist and interventionist forces. Lindbergh became a spokesman for America First, an organization dedicated to keeping America out of World War II. Following America's entry into the conflict, however, he participated in the war effort by helping to develop aircraft engines and flying Pacific Theater combat missions as a civilian consultant.

In the 1960s and 1970s Lindbergh's interests turned to national and global environmental problems, and he traveled extensively in an effort to publicize them. He died of cancer on the island of Maui, Hawaii on August 26, 1974. Anne Morrow Lindbergh published several volumes of memoirs and poems. She died on February 7, 2001 in Vermont.

Eva Lindbergh, daughter of Mary LaFond and Charles August Lindbergh, was born in Little Falls in 1892. She graduated from Carleton College in 1914, after which she taught school in Akeley, Minnesota. From 1914 to 1916 she worked in her father's congressional office. In 1916 she married George West Christie and the couple moved to Red Lake Falls, Minnesota where they edited and published the Red Lake Falls Gazette . Together they had two children: George Christie and Lillian Christie Johnson. George Christie, Sr. died in 1956. After his death and until 1968, Eva continued to publish the paper. On June 6, 1970 she married G. Howard Spaeth, who had been the Minnesota commissioner of taxation. Eva died on January 28, 1985.

Biographical information was taken from the papers; from Who Was Who In America, volume VI (1974-1976); from Bruce L. Larson's Lindbergh of Minnesota: A Political Biography (1973); and from research notes taken by Grace Lee Nute and Deborah L. Miller.

From the guide to the Charles A. Lindbergh and family papers., 1808-1987., (Minnesota Historical Society)


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