Mies van der Rohe, Ludwig, 1886-1969

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1886-03-27
Death 1969-08-17
Gender:
Male
Americans
German, English

Biographical notes:

German born architect.

From the description of Manuscript fragment (n.d.) and letter, 1962 Nov.30. (Getty Research Institute). WorldCat record id: 82217577

Architect.

From the description of Reminiscences of Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe : oral history, 1961. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122631918

Architect. Born in Aachen, Germany (1886).

From the description of Ludwig Mies van der Rohe collection, 1929-1969. (Art Institute of Chicago). WorldCat record id: 82904937

German-born American architect.

From the description of Preliminary sketches for Hubbe House, ca. 1935. (Getty Research Institute). WorldCat record id: 83780506

Prominent German American architect.

Mies van der Rohe was one of the founders of modern architecture with its emphasis on glass and steel.

From the description of Papers, 1907-1974, 1907-1969 (bulk). (Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)). WorldCat record id: 122464114

Biographical Note

  • 1886, Mar. 27: Born, Aachen, Germany
  • 1897 - 1900 : Attended the Cathedral School, Aachen, Germany
  • 1900 - 1902 : Student at the Aachen Trade School, Aachen, Germany; worked in his father's stonemason business
  • 1905 - 1907 : Apprentice, office of furniture designer Bruno Paul, Berlin, Germany
  • 1907: Built first house as an independent architect
  • 1908 - 1911 : Architect with Peter Behrens, Berlin, Germany
  • 1921 - 1925 : Director of architectural exhibits for the Novembergruppe
  • 1925: Founded the Zehner Ring
  • 1926 - 1932 : First vice president, Deutscher Werkbund
  • 1927: Director of Werkbund Exposition, Weissenhofsiedlung, Stuttgart, Germany
  • 1929: Director of German Section, International Exposition, Barcelona, Spain
  • 1930 - 1933 : Director of the Bauhaus, Dessau and Berlin, Germany
  • 1931: Director of Werkbund Section “The Dwelling,” Berlin Building Exposition, Berlin, Germany
  • 1938: Immigrated to the United States
  • 1938 - 1958 : Director of Architecture, Illinois Institute of Technology (until 1940, the Armour Institute of Technology), Chicago, Ill
  • 1938 - 1969 : Private architectural practice, Chicago, Ill.
  • 1957: Member, Orden Pour le Mérite, Germany
  • 1959: Received Gold Medal of the Royal Institute of British Architects
  • 1960: Received Gold Medal of the American Institute of Architects
  • 1963: Received Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • 1966: Received Gold Medal, Institute of German Architects (BDA)
  • 1969, Aug. 17: Died, Chicago, Ill.

Selected Chronological List of Buildings and Projects, 1907-1968

  • 1907: Riehl House, Berlin, Germany
  • 1911: Perls House, Berlin, Germany
  • 1912: Kröller House, the Hague, Netherlands (project)
  • 1919: Office building for Friedrichstrasse, Berlin, Germany (project)
  • 1921: Glass skyscraper (project)
  • 1922: Concrete office building, Berlin, Germany (project)
  • 1923: Brick country house (project)
  • 1924: Concrete country house (project)
  • 1926: Karl Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg Monument, Berlin, Germany (demolished) Wolf House, Gubin, Germany
  • 1927: Apartment house, Weissenhofsiedlung, Stuttgart, Germany Silk exhibit for Exposition de la Mode, Berlin, Germany Glass industry exhibit, Werkbund Exposition, Stuttgart, Germany
  • 1928: Alexanderplatz remodeling, Berlin, Germany (project) Esters house, Krefeld, Germany Hermann Lange house, Krefeld, Germany
  • 1929: German Pavilion, International Exposition, Barcelona, Spain
  • 1930: Tugendhat House, Brno, Czechoslovakia
  • 1931: House, Berlin Building Exposition, Berlin, Germany Row house (project)
  • 1933: Reichsbank, Berlin, Germany (project)
  • 1934: House with three courts (project) Court house with garage (project) Mountain house for the architect, Tirol, Austria (project) Glass house on a hillside (project)
  • 1935: Hubbe House, Magdeburg, Germany (project)
  • 1938: Group of three court houses (project) Resor House, Jackson Hole, Wyo. (project) House on two levels (project)
  • 1939 - 1940 : Plans for the new campus, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, Ill.; buildings completed include: 1942-1943 Minerals and Metals Research Building1945-1946 Alumni Memorial Hall1946 Metallurgy and Chemical Engineering Building1950 Boiler plant1952 Chapel1956 School of Architecture and Design
  • 1942: Museum for a small city (project) Concert hall (project)
  • 1946: Drive-in restaurant (project)
  • 1949: Promontory apartments, Chicago, Ill.
  • 1950: Farnsworth House, Plano, Ill.
  • 1951: Apartment houses, 860 Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, Ill. Row house, Chicago, Ill. Fifty by fifty house (project)
  • 1953: National Theatre, Mannheim, Germany (project) Convention Hall, Chicago (project) Commonwealth Promenade apartment houses, Chicago, Ill.
  • 1957: Lafayette Park Housing Development, Detroit, Mich.
  • 1958: Seagram Building, 375 Park Avenue, New York, N.Y. Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Tex.
  • 1960: Lakeview apartments, Chicago, Ill.
  • 1961: Bacardi Co. administration building, Mexico City, Mexico
  • 1963: School of Social Service Administration, University of Chicago, Ill.
  • 1966: Martin Luther King Public Library, Washington, D.C.
  • 1968: Chicago Federal Center, Chicago, Ill.

From the guide to the Ludwig Mies van der Rohe Papers, 1921-1969, (bulk 1938-1969), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

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Subjects:

  • Apartment houses
  • Architecture, Modern--20th century
  • Architecture--Aesthetics
  • Architectural models
  • Architectural Drawings
  • Architectural design
  • Art museums--Designs and plans
  • Architecture
  • Schools of architecture
  • Apartments
  • Architecture, Domestic
  • Architecture--History--20th century
  • Office buildings
  • Architecture--Designs and plans
  • Universities and colleges--Illinois--Chicago
  • Furniture design
  • Urban Renewal
  • High-rise apartment buildings
  • Architect-designed furniture
  • Construction industry
  • Skyscrapers
  • Universities and colleges
  • Architects--Interviews
  • Architecture--Designs and plans--Presentation drawings
  • Architecture--Designs and plans--Working drawings

Occupations:

  • Architect
  • Educators

Places:

  • United States (as recorded)
  • Germany (as recorded)
  • Illinois--Chicago (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Ontario--Toronto (as recorded)
  • Weissenhofsiedlung (Stuttgart, Germany) (as recorded)
  • Illinois (as recorded)
  • Illinois--Chicago (as recorded)
  • Michigan--Detroit (as recorded)
  • Spain--Barcelona (as recorded)
  • Germany--Berlin (as recorded)
  • Lafayette Park (Detroit, Mich.) (as recorded)
  • Germany (as recorded)
  • Québec (Province)--Montréal (as recorded)