Carnegie, Andrew, 1835-1919

Alternative names
Birth 1835-11-25
Death 1919-08-11

Biographical notes:

Andrew Carnegie (1835-1919) was an American industrialist and philanthropist.

From the description of Carnegie autograph collection, 1867-1945. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122682758

From the guide to the Carnegie autograph collection, 1867-1945, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

Andrew Carnegie was an industrialist and philanthropist.

From the description of Address of Mr. Andrew Carnegie before the Pittsburgh Chamber of Commerce at its annual banquet 1898. (Historical Society of W Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 50163480

American industrialist and philanthropist.

From the description of Signature, dated : [n.p., n.d], [n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270971104

From the description of Letters to S. S. McClure [manuscript], 1892-1893. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647975981

Industrialist and philanthropist.

From the description of Papers of Andrew Carnegie, 1803-1935 (bulk 1890-1919). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79450427

Industrialist, philanthropist.

From the description of Andrew Carnegie letters, 1884-1936. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122557303

Andrew Carnegie was an American industrialist and philanthropist, born in Scotland and emigated to the United States in 1848. As a superintendent for the Pennsylvania Railroad he invested in iron manufactures. In 1873 he began to acquire firms that later became the Carnegie Steel Company, which by 1900 was producing a quarter of the steel in the United States and controlled iron mines, ore ships, and railroads. His partnership with Henry Clay Frick aidied his success. In 1901 he sold his interests to the United States Steel Corporation and retired.

From the description of Address of Mr. Andrew Carnegie before the Pittsburgh Chamber of commerce at its Annual banquet November 10, 1898. (Historical Society of W Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 44125658

Andrew Carnegie 1835-1919.

Born in Dumferline, Scotland on November 25, 1835. Carnegie's family moved to Allegheny, PA in 1848. Carnegie worked in a cotton factory, telegraph office, and for the Pennsylvania Railroad, where in 1859 he became head of the western division. In 1865 Carnegie formed the Keystone Bridge Company. Recognizing the importance of steel, Carnegie began buying up steel mills, and in 1899 consolidated his holdings by forming the Carnegie Steel Company. In 1901 Carnegie sold the company to J.P. Morgan's United States Steel Company. Until his death on August 11, 1919 Carnegie devoted himself to philanthropy donating over $350 million to various causes.

From the description of Andrew Carnegie collection papers 1851-1987 1900-1946. (Carnegie Mellon University). WorldCat record id: 18939610

Biographical Note

  • 1835, Nov. 25: Born, Dunfermline, Scotland
  • 1848: Family immigrated to United States Worked as bobbin-boy in Pennsylvania cotton factory
  • 1849: Messenger boy, then telegraph operator, Pittsburgh, Pa.
  • 1853: Appointed private telegrapher and secretary to Thomas A. Scott of Pennsylvania Railroad
  • 1853 - 1865 : Held various positions with the Pennsylvania Railroad, finally succeeding Thomas A. Scott as superintendent of the Pittsburgh Division
  • 1861: Assisted Thomas A. Scott in organizing military transportation and telegraphy
  • 1865: Resigned from Pennsylvania Railroad Organized Keystone Bridge Co.
  • 1865 - 1873 : Engaged in bridge building, bond selling, and oil dealing on worldwide basis
  • 1873: Began concentration on steel manufacturing with the opening of the J. Edgar Thompson Steel Co.
  • 1882: Henry Clay Frick's coke industries joined to Carnegie Brothers & Co.
  • 1883: Began contributions to magazines, notably North American Review and Nineteenth Century
  • 1886: Published Triumphant Democracy
  • 1887: Married Louise Whitfield (died 1946)
  • 1889: Published "Wealth" (later renamed "Gospel of Wealth") in North American Review
  • 1892: Broke with Henry Clay Frick
  • 1901: Carnegie Co. sold to J. P. Morgan
  • 1911: Carnegie Corp. of New York organized to carry out Carnegie's philanthropies
  • 1919, Aug. 11: Died, "Shadowbrook," Massachusetts

From the guide to the Andrew Carnegie Papers, 1803-1935, (bulk 1890-1919), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)


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