Muhlenberg, Henry Melchior, 1711-1787

Alternative names
Birth 1711-09-06
Death 1787-10-07

Biographical notes:

Henry Muhlenberg was a Lutheran clergyman and botanist; he was elected to the American Philosophical Society in 1785.

From the guide to the Henry Muhlenberg correspondence, 1779-1815, 1779-1815, (American Philosophical Society)

Henry Muhlenberg (also known as Gotthilf Heinrich Muhlenberg) was a Lutheran clergyman and a botanist.

From the guide to the Henry Muhlenberg journals, 1777-1815, 1777-1815, (American Philosophical Society)

Lutheran pastor and organizer of the first synod of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in North America (1748). Born in Einbeck, in the Electorate of Hannover; studied at the university in Göttingen, and then in Halle, a center of Pietism; and was ordained in Leipzig in 1739. Muhlenberg emigrated to America in 1742, answering a call to lead the German Evangelical Lutheran congregations in southeastern Pennsylvania, and served as pastor to three congregations, in New Hanover, New Providence (today: Trappe), and Philadelphia. He presided over the building of schools and churches, including St. Michael's Church (1743) and, later, Zion (1766), in Philadephia (together, St. Michael's and Zion parish). He organized the new congregation of St. Peter's in Barren Hill (today: Lafayette Hill), Whitemarsh Township, Pennsylvania, in 1752, and led the building of its schoolhouse (1758) and church (1761-1767). From 1776 until his death he resided in New Providence.

From the description of Henry Melchior Muhlenberg papers, 1771-1786. (German Society of Pennsylvania). WorldCat record id: 607941205


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  • German Americans--History--Sources
  • Barns
  • Natural history
  • Lutheran Church--History--Sources
  • Lutheran Church--Clergy
  • Botany


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  • Ebenezer (Effingham County, Ga.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Pennsylvania--Philadelphia (as recorded)
  • Barren Hill (Pa.) (as recorded)