Clavigero, Francesco Saverio, 1731-1787

Alternative names
Birth 1731-09-09
Death 1787-04-02
Spanish; Castilian

Biographical notes:

The "history of Mexico. Collected from Spanish and Mexican historians, from manuscripts, and ancient paintings of the Indians" was published in two volumes with volume 1 containing books 1-7 and volume 2 containing 8-10.

From the description of Historia de Mexico manuscript, [17--]. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 64038986

Jesuit scholar, historian, and linguist.

Born in Veracruz, Mexico, Clavigero was a gifted student of classical, modern, and native languages, philosophy, and history; and after joining the Jesuit order in 1748, he authored many religious and historical treatises. When the Jesuits were expelled from Mexico in 1767, Clavigero settled in Italy, and began compiling material for his Storia antica del Messico, which he published in Italian in Cesena in 1780-81 and which established his reputation as an accurate and objective historian. In spite of poor health, Clavigero managed to finish a history of Baja California, Storia della California, in 1786, a year before his death.

From the description of Historia de la antigua ó Baja California / obra postuma de D. Francisco Xavier Clavijero : traducida del italiano. [ca. 1800] (Newberry Library). WorldCat record id: 32787718


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Ark ID:


  • Mexico--History--Conquest,1519-1540
  • Indians of Mexico--History
  • Indians of Mexico
  • Spaniards--History--18th century
  • Missionaries--History
  • Conquerors
  • Missions--history
  • Mexico--History--To 1519
  • Indians of North America--History
  • Calendar, Mexican
  • Indians of North America
  • Evangelistic work--History


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  • Baja California (Mexico : Peninsula) (as recorded)
  • Mexico--Baja California (Peninsula) (as recorded)
  • México (as recorded)
  • California (as recorded)