Logan, Rayford Whittingham, 1897-1982

Alternative names
Birth 1897-01-07
Death 1982-11-04

Biographical notes:

African American historian and educator; died 1982.

From the description of Papers, 1925-1982. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 34576583

African-American historian, administrator, author, civil rights activist, and Howard University faculty member; d. 1982.

From the description of Papers, ca. 1917-ca. 1980. (Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center). WorldCat record id: 70939793

Educator, scholar, author, civil rights activist, and fraternity leader, of Washington, D.C.; d. 1982.

From the description of Papers, 1916-1982. (Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center). WorldCat record id: 70953382

Historian and educator; died 1982.

From the description of Rayford Whittingham Logan papers, 1925-1982. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 75382937

American historian and educator Rayford W. Logan was a professor of history at Howard University, Washington, D.C. (1938-1969, and 1971-1974), as well as Distinguished Professor Emeritus from 1974 to 1982, and Historian of the University.

Shortly before his death Logan completed, with the assistance of co-editor Michael R. Winston, the massive Dictionary of American Negro Biography, which included people from all walks of life who were chosen for their historical significance.

Active in the Civil Rights Movement through out his life, Rayford Logan received the Springarn Medal from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People in 1980.

Born on January 07, 1897 in Washington, D.C., Rayford W. Logan died on November 4, 1982.

Educator, librarian, and author Pauline A. Young was an active civil rights leader in Delaware. Born on September 17, 1900, in West Medford, Massachusetts, Young taught history and Latin at Howard High School, in Wilmington, Delaware for thirty years. She was also the author of the first comprehensive state history of blacks, The Negro in Delaware: Past and Present , published in 1947. As an activist for education and civil rights, Young served as president of the Delaware Chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, as well as the chair of the state NAACP Education Committee. Recognized by numerous national and local organizations for her lifetime of contributions, Pauline Young was inducted into the Hall of Fame of Delaware Women in 1982. Pauline Young died on June 26, 1991.

"Rayford Whittingham Logan." Contemporary Authors Online. (reproduced in Gale Biography In Context). http://ic.galegroup.com (accessed August 2011). "Pauline A. Young." University of Delaware Library Pauline A. Young Residency Biographical Note. http://www2.lib.udel.edu/personnel/residency/youngbio (accessed August 2011).

From the guide to the Rayford W. Logan letter to Pauline Young, 1969 June 11, (University of Delaware Library - Special Collections)

Biographical Note

  • 1897, Jan. 7: Born, Washington, D. C.
  • 1917: B.A., Williams College, Williamstown, Mass.
  • 1917 - 1919 : United States Army, stationed in France
  • 1919 - 1924 : Resided in France
  • 1921: Secretary, Second Pan-African Congress, Paris, France
  • 1921 - 1924 : Deputy secretary, Pan-African Association, Paris, France
  • 1923: Secretary, Third Pan-African Congress, London, England, and Lisbon, Portugal
  • 1925 - 1930 : Professor, Virginia Union University, Richmond, Va.
  • 1927: Married Ruth Robinson (deceased 1966)
  • 1929: A.M., Williams College, Williamstown, Mass.
  • 1932: A.M., Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
  • 1932 - 1933 : Assistant to editor, Journal of Negro History
  • 1933 - 1938 : Professor, Atlanta University, Atlanta, Ga.
  • 1936: Ph.D., Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.
  • 1938 - 1965 : Professor, Howard University, Washington, D. C.
  • 1940 - 1945 : Chair, Committee on the Participation of Negroes in National Defense
  • 1941: Awarded National Order of Honor and Merit by Republic of Haiti Published The Diplomatic Relations of the United States with Haiti, 1776-1891. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press
  • 1941 - 1943 : Member, Advisory Committee of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs
  • 1942: Published The Operation of the Mandate System in Africa, 1919-1927. Washington: Foundation Publishers
  • 1945: Correspondent, Pittsburgh Courier, at United Nations founding conference, San Francisco, Calif. Published The Negro and the Post-War World: A Primer. Washington: Minorities Publishers; and The Senate and the Versailles Mandate System. Washington: Minorities Publishers
  • 1945 - 1948 : Foreign affairs editor, Pittsburgh Courier
  • 1947 - 1950 : Member, United States National Commission to Unesco
  • 1949: Published The African Mandates inWorld Politics. Washington: Public Affairs Press
  • 1950 - 1951 : Director, Association for the Study of Negro Life and History Editor, Journal of Negro History and Negro History Bulletin
  • 1951 - 1952 : Represented NAACP at Sixth General Assembly of the United Nations, Paris, France Fulbright research fellow, Paris, France
  • 1953: State Department-sponsored studies, West Africa
  • 1954: Published The Negro in American Life and Thought: The Nadir, 1877-1901. New York: The Dial Press
  • 1957: Published The Negro in the United States: A Brief History. Princeton: D. Van Nostrand
  • 1962: Published Breve Storia dei Negri d'America. Rome: Opere Nuove
  • 1964: Published History of the Negro in the United States. Calcutta: United States Information Service
  • 1965: Honorary L.H.D., Williams College, Williamstown, Mass. Published The Betrayal of the Negro: From Rutherford B. Hayes to Woodrow Wilson. New York: Collier MacMillan
  • 1965 - 1969 : Historian, Howard University, Washington, D. C.
  • 1967: Published with Irving S. Cohen The American Negro: Old World Background and New World Experience. Boston: Houghton-Mifflin Co.; and with Philip Sterling Four Took Freedom: the Lives of Harriet Tubman, Frederick Douglass, Robert Smalls, and Blanche Bruce. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday
  • 1968: Published Haiti and the Dominican Republic. London and New York: Oxford University Press for the Royal Institute of International Affairs
  • 1969: Published Howard University: The First Hundred Years, 1867-1967. New York: New York University Press
  • 1970: Published The Negro in the United States, Volume I: From Slavery to Second Class Citizenship, 1619-1945. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co.
  • 1971: Distinguished visiting professor of history, University of Utah, Provo, Utah Published with Michael R. Winston The Negro in the United States, Volume II: Ordeal of Democracy, 1945-1970. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Co
  • 1971 - 1974 : Professor, Howard University, Washington, D. C.
  • 1972: L.L.D., Howard University, Washington, D. C.
  • 1982: Published with Michael R. Winston Dictionary of American Negro Biography. New York: Norton
  • 1982, Nov. 5: Died, Washington, D. C.

From the guide to the Rayford Whittingham Logan Papers, 1925-1982, (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)


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  • African Americans--Race identity
  • African Americans--Suffrage
  • Human rights advocacy
  • African American universities and colleges
  • Africans
  • Universities and colleges
  • Lectures and lecturing
  • Greek letter societies
  • African Americans--History
  • Voter registration
  • Pan--Africanism
  • Military readiness
  • Blacks--Race identity
  • African Americans
  • Citizenship
  • Civil rights
  • African Americans--Civil rights
  • Voyages and travels
  • Race discrimination
  • Universities and colleges--Washington (D.C.)
  • Equality
  • Diplomatic and consular service, Haitian
  • African Americans--Scholarships, fellowships, etc
  • World War, 1914-1918--African Americans
  • World War, 1914-1918
  • Diplomatic and consular service, Haitian--United States
  • African history
  • International relations
  • African American historians--20th century--Correspondence
  • African Americans--Travel
  • Teaching
  • World War, 1914-1918--France


  • African--American authors--Washington (D.C.)
  • African American civil rights workers--Washington (D.C.)
  • Human rights workers--Washington (D.C.)
  • African--American college students--Massachusetts--Williamstown
  • Historians
  • African American college teachers--Washington (D.C.)
  • African American soldiers--France
  • Educators--Washington (D.C.)
  • African--American historians--Washington (D.C.)
  • Educators
  • African--American scholars--Washington (D.C.)
  • African American historians


  • Africa (as recorded)
  • Africa (as recorded)
  • Haiti (as recorded)
  • Washington (D.C.) (as recorded)
  • Africa (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Haiti (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • Washington (D.C.) (as recorded)
  • Massachusetts--Williamstown (as recorded)
  • Washington (D.C.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Washington (D.C.) (as recorded)
  • Haiti (as recorded)