Robinson, Jackie, 1919-1972

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1919-01-31
Death 1972-10-24
Americans
English

Biographical notes:

Jackie Robinston, first African American baseball player to play major league baseball in modern times.

From the description of Letter, 1952 May 20 : to Mr. George McGullough. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83161093

Jackie Robinson played his entire career with the Brooklyn Dodgers (1947-1956). He was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962. Horace Stoneham, son of former New York Giants owner Charles Stoneham, took over ownership of the team (1936-1957).

From the description of Letter, 1957, January 14. (National Baseball Hall of Fame). WorldCat record id: 47648752

Jackie Robinson played his entire career with the Brooklyn Dodgers (1947-1956). He was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962. Robinson broke the color barrier in baseball in 1947. He was always an advocate for equality among Americans. His wife, Rachel Robinson, continues their efforts toward equality through the Jackie Robinson Foundation.

From the description of Letters, 1952-1955. (National Baseball Hall of Fame). WorldCat record id: 47978974

Baseball player, civil rights leader, and corporate executive. Full name: Jack Roosevelt Robinson.

From the description of Jackie Robinson papers, 1934-2001 (bulk 1947-1987). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70984492

Jackie Robinson played his entire career with the Brooklyn Dodgers (1947-1956). He was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962.

From the description of Letter, 1954, October 11. (National Baseball Hall of Fame). WorldCat record id: 47836412

From the description of Letter, 1972, July 21. (National Baseball Hall of Fame). WorldCat record id: 47836380

Jackie Robinson played for the Brooklyn Dodgers (1947-1956). He was the first African-American to play Major League Baseball. He was inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962. Wendell Smith was a sportswriter.

From the description of Letter, 1945, October 31. (National Baseball Hall of Fame). WorldCat record id: 47348764

Biographical Note

  • 1919, Jan. 31: Born, Cairo, Ga.
  • 1939 - 1941 : Attended University of California, Los Angeles, Calif.; first school athlete to letter in four sports
  • 1942 - 1944 : Second lieutenant, cavalry, United States Army
  • 1945: Played baseball for the Kansas City Monarchs, Negro National League Signed contract with the Brooklyn Dodgers
  • 1946: Married Rachel A. Isum First African American to play professional baseball in the twentieth century; joined the Montreal Royals, a minor league affiliate of the Brooklyn Dodgers
  • 1947: Promoted to the Brooklyn Dodgers breaking the major league color barrier Rookie of the Year award
  • 1947 - 1956 : Played major league baseball with the Brooklyn Dodgers
  • 1949: National League Most Valuable Player award
  • 1950: Motion picture, The Jackie Robinson Story
  • 1956: Awarded the NAACP Spingarn Medal
  • 1957: Retired from professional baseball after being traded to the New York Giants Chairman, NAACP Fight for Freedom Fund
  • 1957 - 1964 : Vice president, Chock Full O'Nuts
  • 1962: Elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, Cooperstown, N.Y.
  • 1964: Published Baseball Has Done It edited by Charles Dexter (Philadelphia: Lippincott. 216 pp.)
  • 1964 - 1972 : Founder and chairman of the board, Freedom National Bank of New York
  • 1965: Published with Alfred Duckett Breakthrough to the Big League (New York: Harper & Row. 178 pp.)
  • 1966 - 1968 : Special assistant for community affairs to New York Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller
  • 1972: Published with Alfred Duckett I Never Had It Made (New York: Putnam. 287 pp.)
  • 1972, Oct. 24: Died, Stamford, Conn.
  • 1984: Awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom (posthumously)
  • 1997: Major League Baseball retired Robinson's number forty-two in perpetuity (posthumously)

From the guide to the Jackie Robinson Papers, 1934-2001, (bulk 1947-1987), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

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Permalink:
http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62p5r7g
Ark ID:
w62p5r7g
SNAC ID:
83551627

Subjects:

  • Baseball
  • Business
  • African Americans--Economic conditions
  • Civil rights movement
  • Mass media
  • Race discrimination
  • African Americans
  • Retirement

Occupations:

  • Executives
  • Civil rights leaders
  • Baseball players

Places:

  • Cairo, GA, US
  • United States, 00, US
  • Stamford, CT, US