Harriman, Florence Jaffray, 1870-1967

Alternative names
Birth 1870-07-21
Death 1967-08-31

Biographical notes:

Diplomat, political activist, and author. Born Florence Jaffray Hurst; died 1967.

From the description of Florence Jaffray Hurst Harriman papers, 1857-1982 (bulk 1910-1960). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70980111

Florence Jaffray Hurst was born in New York City; in 1889 she married J. Borden Harriman. She managed the New York State Reformatory for Women (1906-1918), was the only woman member of the Federal Industrial Relations Commission (1913-1916), organized a Red Cross motor corps in France and chaired the Committee on Women in Industry for the Council on National Defense during World War I, cofounded the Women's National Democratic Club (1922), and served as United States Minister to Norway (1934-1941). For additional biographical information see Notable American Women: The Modern Period (1980) and Harriman's early memoir, From Pinafores to Politics (1923).

From the description of Papers, 1940-1941. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232007386

Biographical Note

  • 1870, July 21: Born, New York, N.Y.
  • 1880 - 1888 : Educated in Mrs. Lockwood's private classes, New York, N.Y.
  • 1889: Married J. Borden Harriman (died, 1914)
  • 1903 - 1916 : President, Colony Club, New York, N.Y.
  • 1906 - 1918 : Member, Board of Managers of New York State Reformatory for Women at Bedford, New York, N.Y.
  • 1912: Active in the presidential campaign for Woodrow Wilson
  • 1913 - 1916 : Member, U.S. Commission on Industrial Relations
  • 1917 - 1918 : Organized the American Red Cross Women's Motor Corps of the District of Columbia and directed the Women's Motor Corps in France.
  • 1922: Founder and first president, Woman's National Democratic Club, Washington, D.C.
  • 1923: Published From Pinafores to Politics. New York: Henry Holt and Co.
  • 1937 - 1941 : Minister to Norway
  • 1940: With the German invasion of Norway; fled to Sweden and arranged for the safety of other Americans and the Norwegian royal family.
  • 1941: Published Mission to the North. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott
  • 1967, Aug. 31: Died, Washington, D. C.

From the guide to the Florence Jaffray Hurst Harriman Papers, 1857-1982, (bulk 1910-1960), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)


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Ark ID:


  • World War, 1914-1918--Women
  • Industrial relations
  • Peace--Societies, etc
  • Women--Societies and clubs
  • Home rule--Washington (D.C.)
  • Industrial relations--United States
  • Diplomatic and consular service, American
  • Presidents--Election--1912
  • Women in the labor movement
  • World War, 1914-1918--Manpower
  • Social problems
  • Presidents--United States--Election--1912
  • World War, 1914-1918--War work--France
  • Home rule
  • World War, 1914-1918--War work
  • Diplomatic and consular service
  • Diplomatic and consular service, American--Norway


  • Authors
  • Labor leaders
  • Diplomats


  • Norway (as recorded)
  • France (as recorded)
  • Norway (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Washington (D.C.) (as recorded)
  • Norway (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)